Payment of one by the new law 2020 - Russian rights

One in 2020 the standard and calculation of general

Payment of one by the new law in 2020

Electricity consumption for general business needs used to be described in the receipt by a separate line "ODN", but in connection with the introduction of changes to pay for utilities of January 1, 2020, this graph was removed from the payments. However, the sums suddenly increased sharply, with which the Russians absolutely disagree.

Electricity on one = (values ​​recorded on the electric meter - a total amount of electricity consumed in non-residential square meters, which do not belong to generalicity - the cumulative amount of resource in all residential apartments, where the counters are mounted - the volume of used electricity and apartments where there are no meters) × Apartment area × Area of ​​all apartments in a multi-storey house.

One is the difference between the testimony of personal counters installed in residents of residents and general service instruments in the MCD. When the counter is not installed in the apartment, the volume of spent resources is calculated as the ratio of the apartment area to the sum of all areas of common property.

If there is no universal electricity metering device, the calculation is made using electricity consumption standards for generalic needs. The first way is fraudulent.

It is to "overlap" costs for utility resources at the expense of other articles or include in the "Hidden Payments" in the receipt.

However, managers can choose the second, conscientious risk minimization path.

Calculation of one by electricity in an apartment building

Most apartment buildings are already equipped with general-purpose instruments for taking into account communal resources (electricity, water and heat).

Many apartments have individual counters for which tenants provide testimony and a communal fee is charged. In essence, public needs are a difference between the testimony of devices of general and individual.

Those owners who do not have counters in the apartment, one is distributed, based on the ratio of an apartment area to shared residential areas of the house.

As already mentioned, the fee for the SN from January 1, 2020 was transferred to the category of costs for the mainstream of the common property, this means that the Row of the ODIN in the Quitka should disappear. Now let's decide what is a generalic property. It is strictly defined by Article 36 of paragraph 1 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and includes all the premises of an apartment building serving for general use, excluding apartments:

Regulatory of consumption of utilities for general business needs

  1. Date and place of decision making.
  2. Its registration number.
  3. The basis for its adoption. As a rule, this is a reference to a regulatory act.
  4. Subject of discussion. In this case, these will be the rates of resource consumption for common needs.
  5. The essence of the decision.

    This indicates approved norms and the period of their application.

  6. Terms of implementation of the ruling, that is, when it should be applied.
  7. Circle of persons with which it concerns.
  8. Signature of the head of the regional authority.

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RESULTS OF THE CONSUME OF RESOURCES FOR LEGAL REQUIREMENTS are averaged accounting indicators. At the same time, such data is taken not one by one, but in several hundreds of residential arrays.

It should be noted that the indicators not only in common, but also individual equipment are taken into account. Unified clear legislation legislation is not defined. The decision is made in each particular case with respect to a separate residential array.

The mass of indicators is taken into account: the region in which the building is located, its degree of wear and improvement, the time of year, the state of engineering systems. Consumption standards are the value that determines the maximum cost of resources exceeding which is not recommended.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one

Without payment of one, it is impossible to carry out a full cleaning of premises and technical floors, gardening the territory near the house and the creation of lighting the entrance. If the tenants stop paying for public needs, their house will not be landscaped and comfortable for living.

Residents of houses in which counters are installed, it is worth paying attention to inappropriate resource costs. Perhaps the expense will be able to reduce the replacement of communications. So, it is necessary to recommend to reconstruct the heating system and the rh3.

ONN in 2020 - regulations and calculation of general work

In a house, equipped with accounting devices, the actual resource consumption becomes important. This affects the equipment of the premises by energy-saving light bulbs, motion sensors (such an innovation is used in new homes), replacing the electrical wiring in the entrance and timely repair of water and heating pipes - all these tasks must perform the Criminal Code.

  • lighting attic, basements, entrances, elevators, technical premises;
  • Electricity required for servicing antennas, pumps, elevator works, etc;
  • heating of these zones;
  • water consumption during seasonal checks of the heating system;
  • Costs of electricity and water for the maintenance of the local area: watering lawns, the lighting of the yard.

How to calculate one for water

In a situation where actually lives in the apartment and consumes the water more people than is spelled out, the problem of "rubber apartments" arise. If there are a lot of such, general counters can show consumption 1.5-2 times greater than provided by the standard.

In the absence of a common meter, the calculation of the board is made according to the standards, with the algorithm in accordance with each standard Dan in the order of the Ministry of Energy and LCD. In schematic expression, the formula for calculating one-in-hot and cold water in this case looks like this:

Maximum standards for payment of the ONN will begin to act in Primorye from June 1

- When there were changes to the law on the transfer of one in the scope of management companies, tariffs themselves were not calculated.

And as a result, the rates of 2012 were used as the basis, which are economically and technically do not meet the task at all, "Elena Parkhomenko, Head of the Department of Housing and Communal Economy and Fuel Resources of the Primorsky Territory, noted.

Current tariffs are valid in Primorye since 2012 - the regulations for water and electricity consumption also argued the Department of Tariffs. The accrual of ONN was engaged in resource-supplying companies.

From January 1, 2020, the order was changed and now managers and HOA became responsible for the coveted graphs in receipts.

After such an innovation, some residents of the edge began to receive bills with high sums.

OND in - 2020: Formulas for calculation, standards and - Payment tariffs

When, it would seem, the above-described measures against the "leakage" of resources were accepted, and one still grows, I advise you to establish instruments of accounting for separate risers. In one of the apartment buildings of Izhevsk, this way was found that the neighbors simply did not work for a few months. When the owners were replaced by him, the Digit of the OND immediately decreased.

In the summer of 2015, the Federal Duma of the Russian Federation adopted Federal Law No. 176-FZ "On Amendments to the LCD of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation". The law was aimed at creating the conditions necessary for efficient work and improving the payment discipline of the Housing and Communal Services.

The most revolutionary changes in it were amended, as a result of which the fee for the maintenance of the general property from 01/01/2020 began to include a fee for utilities consumed in the process of using common property of an apartment building.

This fee should be accrued on the basis of the value of consumption calculated on the standard, which is established at the level of republics, edges and regions.

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The head of the region stressed, an explanation of the Ministry of Construction of Russia was already received, which until June 1, 2020, when new standards should be approved, accrual and payment for one is made in such a way that someone has accounting devices, they pay for their testimony, and who has no such - Made a payment on the previously established standard.

"Positions have been introduced for apartment buildings with elevators and equipped with electrodeplinary, electric heating plants for hot water supply, in the heating period and outside it," said the agency, noting that the introduction of these categories is due to the peculiarities of some new buildings.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020, transfer to Zh

How the fee is calculated on the water, you can learn from the example, which demonstrates the work of Stavropol officials.

Thus, representatives of the Ministry of Commissions of the Stavropol Territory, the first of the first calculated and officially approved the standards for the consumption of one.

Their indicators vary depending on the category of residential buildings and with respect to water supply objects are 0.029-0.067 cubic meters of cold water per square meter of dwelling. At the same time, several factors are taken into account:

In order to calculate the energy consumption standards going on public needs, specialists had to be installed in apartment buildings with common counters (accounting devices).

They show how many resources come, and how much it was spent directly by residents (according to the indications of individual instruments of electricity, water, etc.

) The difference obtained relates to the category of the municipal resource in which the house needs.

How to make the calculation of one by electricity on the established standard

  • V D. - electricity consumption according to the indications of the meter;
  • Vu Nen - the amount of electricity spent in non-residential premises;
  • VV housing - consumption of an apartment not equipped with individual counters;
  • VW Zhil.P. - consumption of an apartment equipped with individual counters;
  • V Kr. - the amount of energy used by the performer of utilities for the production of heating and hot water supply (in homes that are not equipped with centralized provision of relevant resources);
  • SI - Apartment area;
  • S Ob. - The total area of ​​all rooms in the McD (residential and non-residential).
  • from 0.57 to 2.99 kW / h depending on the floor (from 1-2 floors to 16 or more) for lighting devices;
  • from 0.25 to 0.57 kW / h per pumps and hardware control pumps of cold water supply depending on the floor;
  • from 1.19 to 1.58 kW / h in houses equipped with elevators, depending on their lifting capacity and floor stores;
  • From 0.04 to 0.28 kW / h depending on the floor and so on.

A source: https://zakonandporyadok.ru/trudovoe-pravo/odn-v-2019godu-normativ-i-raschyotiv-i-raschyot-obshhedomovyh.

Universal needs for electricity Resolution 354 2020

Payment of one by the new law in 2020

No matter what room is located in the property of residential or not, what is his status, office, shop, etc. How communications are connected, separately or from a general-friendly person who owns such real estate, takes part in expenditures for general workshops on general reasons .

We give an example of a job won claim against the Criminal Code. The plaintiff appealed to the court demanding the action against him, which were expressed in illegal charges of one for electricity What caused him considerable material damage.

Operational needs from January 1, 2020 are included in the contents of the law.

Standards for one by electricity in different regions: Below are the information that give accurate electricity numbers on soybeans (the composition of the common property in an apartment building). Payment of public needs (OND) from January 1, 2020, transferring to the zhu universal needs from recently not communal, but housing services.

However, this is not a general metering device, but individual, and the cost of its replacement bears the owner of the residential premises. Therefore, in a privatized apartment pays for replacing the consumer, and in the municipal municipality.

Calculation of public needs in 2020

For your information! From January 2020 in houses where the ODN card exceeds the standards or testimony cannot be determined due to the absence of meters, residents can pay for services normally. All unnecessary expenses pays the Criminal Code.

  • work elevators;
  • use of water supply pumps;
  • use of intercoms and alarm;
  • duty lighting of attic and basements;
  • Technological losses associated with the features of installed electrical equipment.

Physical needs for water answers to six topical questions

Resolution at number 354, the amount of payment of one by electricity in 2020 in 2020 in 2020 on the approval of the rules of establishment of I. Common needs. Resolution 354 pay or not to pay.

Fee for generalic needs in 2020, which configurations need to be made. I assume that the debt of 3 years ago cannot be recovered by the court, since the limitation period has expired.

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For what we pay to utilities in an apartment building

The tenants of a multi-storey house are equally responsible for the use and good functioning of collective property and have the right to demand from the Criminal Code or supplying a company to conduct regular verification of the correctness of the testimony of collective meters of accounting. Typically, in practice, a total collection of MKD residents is carried out, where those who are checked from the residential houses are elected, which receive the right to check the reference of the Criminal Code to make sure that there are no errors or fraud from suppliers.

Calculation and payment of general workshops occurs in two ways. If multi-storey residential buildings feature collective accounting equipment - hot / cold water meters, electricity and heat, then the calculation of general goals and its distribution between consumers is quite simple.

To do this, it is necessary to relieve the indicators of the collective meter, from them the total amount of individual consumption on consumer counters, and the number received to distribute on the accounts for housing and communal services.

The separation occurs in proportion to the area involved in residential and commercial premises.

How the standard of one-electricity is calculated and what its size in 2020 is calculated

For the last month, there was a lot of calls from the outrageous tenants living in an apartment building for the last month, following the total electricity consumption in 4, and even 6 times. Differences in payment are essential, in one region more, in the other less, and this is understandable - the regulations establishes the regional administration of each individual subject of the Russian Federation.

  • illumination of staircases, tambours, entrances;
  • Electricity required for uninterrupted intercoms;
  • electricity that consume elevator cabins;
  • Electricity for video cameras, if installed in the house;
  • Technological losses fixed in domestic networks.

Resolution No. 354 "Physical Operations"

  • Land on which there is a house;
  • engineering systems and communications;
  • stair spans and sites;
  • attic;
  • roofs;
  • corridors;
  • basements;
  • technical floors;
  • rooms that are adapted for servicing residents, their social or household needs;
  • All technical equipment that serves more than one apartment.

In any case, even if you do not agree with the indicators, it does not give a reason not to pay one. Payment for the service of public property is the responsibility of each owner of the housing in an apartment building.

What is generalic needs and what applies to them

If the value of one negative or zero, then the consumed volume on a dormitory meter is equal to or less than summed by the values ​​of individual volume accounting devices.

According to Article 544 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the amount of energy in accordance with the indicators of accounting devices is carried out for the energy being accepted by the consumer.

Physical needs in 2020: calculation and features

Until 2020, the norms that determine the calculation of the board for the ODN were rather vague.

Therefore, the management companies accrued payments at their own discretion, and the inhabitants of some areas faced a large difference in tariffs: relatively speaking, one comes a payment for 200 rubles, and another 600.

This graph in receipts provided a field for fraudulent actions of housing and communal services, and the tenants could not check whether the values ​​are correct in their payments. In 2020, a number of reforms were conducted in this area.

To calculate payment for heat, the total area of ​​the general property is determined. The value is multiplied by the tariff for thermal energy. Then the resulting value is distributed in apartments according to square meters.

Calculation of payment for ONS according to 354 government decree 2020-2020

For clarification, the Ovroup Omsk browser appealed to the head of the Department of Tariff Policy and the Economic Analysis of the Department of the City Economic Policy of the Omsk Administration Dmitry Vashchitina.

- Dmitry Stepanovich, from January 2020, the changes made by federal law into the Housing Code of the Russian Federation came into force, according to which the water consumed in the public houses consumed, we must pay the electricity to the managing companies together with the cost of housing content, and not a resource supply Organizations, as it was before.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oAqlj7z6t-c.

For general-purpose needs, as individual, cases are provided when paying for utilities can be changed.

According to the general rules, recalculation is allowed in cases where the services provided do not comply with the requirements of technical or sanitary standards, for example, water is not cleared, the power of electricity is lower than the set minimum, there are interruptions with resources.

What do you understand under general need

There are a lot of work on the maintenance of a multi-storey building, which are performed using this resource, in particular wet cleaning on the staircase. If there is a garbage chute in the house, then it needs periodic cleaning using water.

At the end of the month, the management company tastes data from individual counters with numbers on a general-purpose accounting device. The difference is distributed proportional to all residents. At the same time, a certain amount of possible losses is determined.

How to pay for the general needs of clarification of the Ministry

It's not difficult to identify fraud. Residents are enough to familiarize themselves with information on tariffs and regulations placed in public internet access, and independently calculate the amount allowed.

The difference is considered the volume of utility resources that is necessary for the content of the general property of the MCD. Comparison of the results of all proven homes allows you to determine the average indicator and approve it as a single standard.

Residents should not pay for general needs in excess of the norm. In practice, it looks so that if part of the energy resources is lost in the process of delivery to the end consumer in the fault of the Criminal Code, then the cost pays the management organization.

Legal regulation of FZ No. 176 was adopted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation in the summer of 2015. The purpose of the law is positioned as creating conditions for more efficient work in the housing and utilities industry and the improvement of the payment discipline.

The investigation of the law was to be accrued for the use of communion used for the general property of the MCD, based on the real amount of consumption calculated on specially defined standards.

Currently, the following regulatory acts are applied to challenge the board: innovations led to the disappearance of a string of one from payment receipts.

This may be when the devices are not installed in several apartments of the apartment building and they pay according to the standard. In this case, the actual consumption is significantly less. The negative difference of one by a communal service, the supplier is obliged to recalculate, dividing it between residential apartments.

General needs in 2020: electricity consumption standards

After time or at the end of the service life, the instruments should be replaced. The replacement is required to produce a managing organization. The staff should consist of a specialist who has the right to install electrical equipment and its verification.

After calculating the share of electricity, consumed on the OND of each owner of the housing, the Criminal Code summarizes it with the testimony of the IPU (if available) or with the established standard. The resulting amount is indicated in receipts for services.

A source: https://yrokurista.ru/meditsinskoe-pravo/obshhedomovye-nuzhdy-po-elektroenergii-postanovlenie-354-2019-god.

COMPANY ONN in 2020 in fact or by standard

Payment of one by the new law in 2020

Dear readers! The article tells about the typical ways to solve legal issues, but each case is individual. If you want to know how Solve your problem - Contact a consultant:

But the achievement of the government assigned to the government depends on each owner, since only the tenants themselves can sufficiently control the work of governing organizations and the correctness of the settlements.

One: pay in fact or according to the standard

First. At the General Meeting, owners can make a decision (at least two thirds) to pay based on the actual readings of the general-purpose metering device. If the readings are less than the standard, the owners will pay less, more than the standard - will pay more.

The topic of expenditures for general business needs (OND) got up to a particularly acute, when residents of the city began to receive receipts by rent, where additional lines appeared: for water, electricity on one. How to pay for them: in fact or regulatory?

Accrual ONN by standard

These tariffs were established for various types of ODN, including cold and hot water, as well as power supply and heating and were approved by local municipal bodies (with an example of high-voltage and DHW standards, you can read the sources attached to the article).

Operational needs for electricity are part of the resource, which goes to maintain and ensure the coverage of a high-rise building, outside the share of electricity that the owner uses within its residential property. That is, the amount of ONN in electricity includes such a list of costs:

One standards Pratus Izhevsk in 2020

For the Trans-Baikal Territory, this value is 65, in Krasnoyarsk 57, in Rostov 96 and in Orlovsk 19 kWh. If there is an excess of the established standard, the payment for the overrun comes with an increase in the coefficient by about 1.5 times, but this is only in the specified regions and only for the time of testing this approach.

Innovation that will allow you to overcome one - these are intelligent accounting systems when the device automatically transmits readings from all apartments. And such accounting systems will be raised by the managers themselves.

The procedure for charging one from January 2020-2020

Behind the vesizated legislative formulation is hidden, in fact, a fairly simple mechanism. Previously, the costs of public units (ODD) were charged in residents of apartment buildings based on the actual volume of water consumption or electrical energy according to the testimony of collective metering devices.

By virtue of this, the work of management companies has become a bureaucratic mechanism for drawing up responses to countless consumer complaints and providing decompositions of calculations. But, the deadline for the entry into force was postponed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation to 01.

Old new one

The reader called: "I watched on TV. Speech by the head of GGA Irina Gaydenko, she said that since July 1, there are changes in legislation, and.

This means that there can be no big amounts for one by one - only according to the standard? " The question is important, after all, any changes in the order of accrual of payments for the general needs of consumers are waiting with impatience - and with the hope that these changes in their favor.

Thirdly, from Resolution No. 306, which "Rules for establishing and defining regulations of utility consumption" are approved, a plate that distributes the accrual of the increasing coefficient to the cost of consumption of utilities in the absence of metering devices is excluded.

No, the coefficients themselves did not disappear anywhere, but now they are included in the formulas that are contained in applications to the "Rules for Communal Services" (Resolution No. 354), marked: "The raising coefficient whose value in 2016 is taken equal to 1.4, And from January 1, 2020 - 1.5 ".

Yes, the size of the coefficient has changed, and although now in Novokuznetsk, resource-supplying organizations are not charged, the "ceiling" of increasing the consumption standard is determined in 1.5, and not 1.6, as before.

One: according to the standard or in fact

Suppose if you take into account the information provided by the management organizations, the standard on one for houses with elevators will be 4.7 kW per hour per square meter of general-purpose property, which is above the current standard, which is 4.28 kW per hour.

In this regard, after consulting in the Working Group, it was decided to make calculations on the basis of the rules of the illumination of premises and regulatory documents of the work of elevator equipment reflected in the respective GOSTs and SNIPS. In this case, the numbers will be more close to reality.

For example, for houses without basements and attics equipped with elevators, heating pumps in the heating period, intercoms, collective antennas and fire alarms, the standard will be 3.105 kW / h per 1 kV. m per month. These calculations on all standards will be in full form presented at the meeting of the Working Group at the end of March.

Then it is planned to discuss the final options for calculations on the public council under REC and approve at a meeting of the Board. That is, REC will be ready to do it in April.

For example, for five-storey houses having all the degrees of improvement, the current standard is 0.041 cubic meters per square meter of the total area of ​​premises, which is part of the general-known property, and the new standard is pre-calculated at the level of 0.040 cubic meters.

As for the standards for electricity, preliminary calculations are still underway, and the difficulty lies in the fact that the data provided by the management organizations in terms of the work hours is not entirely correct, since they differ in different houses hundreds of times.

Fee for generalic needs is limited to standards since January 2020

- Details must be reflected in payment orders. This requires updated rules for the content of common property in an apartment building, and also recommends the Ministry of Construction and Civil Code of the Russian Federation to fully inform citizens about the cost of paying housing services.

The second important point. Canceled the previous scheme for accrualing payments for one. Recall that their size was determined on the basis of the difference between the testimony of general-purpose metering devices and the sum of the readings of individual counters.

And in most apartment buildings of Stavropol owners, it was decided to complete the distribution between them this difference for payment. From January 2020, the fee for OND received clear limits.

It may not be higher than the relevant regulations for the consumption of utilities for generalic needs. Thus, the costs of paying for the extensive volume of utility resource from now assigned to the management company and the HOA.

I also clarify that, with the initial inclusion in the fee for the content of the residential premises of expenses for the payment of resources consumed on the ODN, the decision of the General Assembly of Owners is not required.

How to charge one in 2020 in the HOA

  1. Appointment of weighty sums of fine.
  2. The need for payroll costs, in addition to the principal amount of debt and accumulated penalties.
  3. Arrest bank accounts to repay debt.
  4. Property arrest and its sale through auctions.
  5. In rare cases, the owner can attract to correctional work.

Legislation in the field of housing and communal services is developing very dynamically. As soon as everything is accustomed to the provisions of the Government Decree No. 307, Resolution No. 354 was published.

Then changes were made to this document, change was repeated.

A source: https://nl-consalting.ru/odinokij-rooditel/nachislenie-odn-v-2019-g-po-faktu-ili-po-normativu.

What is included in general work and who pays them in 2020 - a housing

Payment of one by the new law in 2020

In 2012 in receipts for utilities of residents of apartment buildings, the Line of "Physical Supplies" appeared.

This is a value that reflects the current maintenance costs of multi-storey houses. The value is not permanent, varies depending on the time of year and the region.

When the receipt indicates the amount that differs from personal consumption indicators, the tenants begin to ask legitimate questions.

Consider what is included in general needs in an apartment building, as well as pay or not to pay for general work.

Legislative base: before and after 2012

The amount of payment for utility resources, including for consumed electricity, was calculated in proportion to consumption not only on consumers - individuals with the lack of individual accounting devices, as well as non-residential premises, which are underway to the general mechanism of accounting.

Starting from September 1, 2012, according to the rules for the provision of utilities, which were approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation from No. 354, dated May 6, 2011, the volume of the communal service, which was provided for the estimated period on one, are calculated and distributed between tenants in proportion to the size of the entire area. which belongs to each consumer (in its use) of residential and non-residential premises in an apartment building.

Decision of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1498 dated December 26, 2006 made changes to the rules for the provision of public services algorithm for the presentation of negative indicators of generalic needs.

According to changes in the new law, the fee for a certain type of communal service, which was provided for the estimated period for generalic needs, the tenants are not charged if, when calculating the communal service, it is established that the volume of the utility resource, determined on the basis of the meter reading for this estimated period, decreased in comparison with the sum of the corresponding type of communal service provided for this design period by residents in all residential and non-residential premises in this apartment building.

Electricity distribution

  • Electrical energy that enters apartments is measured by individual accounting devices.
  • The remaining energy is consumed on the operation of the instruments of lighting the premises of general use and to the work of electrical equipment, which is included in the ranks of all property in an apartment building.
  • Let us consider in more detail what languid needs and what applies to them.

What is one

These are the cost of servicing common property, which owns the owners of a multi-storey building: elevator, local area, stairwells, attics, basements, etc.

For example, in the consumption consumption column, the costs of the resource on light bulbs in the entrances, intercoms, antenna amplifiers and other indicators are paid.

Universal consumption includes resources spent on the needs of the house. Components of payments for general workshops in an apartment building:

  • payment for the maintenance of the house;
  • services for managing house, its property, repair, light, heat, water;
  • payment of major repairs;
  • Communal payments under Article 154 LCD.

Consider how the fee is charged:

  1. If an apartment building has a public counter, the accrual is made in proportion to the area of ​​the dwelling, based on the volume of consumption shown by the individual accounting instrument.
  2. If there is no common meter, the volume of generalic needs (ODN) is charged when using a special standard. The value of the standard is determined by the administration or resource-supplying organization in the region. Those. The fee is calculated, based on their volume of the ON and the tariff on the appropriate communal resource.

Since 2018, universal needs remained in receipts, but are called otherwise, as a new law entered into force, Government Decree No. 1448.

The accrual for one was moved to the "Room Content" from the Communal Services graph.

What is the situation in 2020: the standard for water

One for water:

  • cleaning the stairs and sites in the entrance;
  • Watering a polysman and lawn near the house;
  • Water spending when repairing heating systems;
  • Other indicators.

According to the standards, the volume of water for wet cleaning of the entrance and care of the heating system is provided twice a year.

Standard for electricity consumption in 2020

The amount of amount for payment is influenced by factors:

  • number of floors in the house;
  • the presence of an elevator;
  • Is the intercom installed;
  • installation of communication amplifiers;
  • Technical features of equipment installed in the house.

Indicators are installed from 2.84 to 11.17 kilowatt-hour per square meter per month.

Electricity components:

  • Maintenance of the intercom and elevators;
  • operation pumps water supply;
  • operation of the alarms;
  • lighting attic and basements;
  • Electricity costs during equipment.

Calculation in the presence of public counters

  1. According to Article 544 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the amount of energy in accordance with the indicators of accounting devices is carried out for the energy being accepted by the consumer.
  2. To calculate the power consumption standards, which is spent on public needs, specialists have established general-friendly counters in apartment buildings.
  3. Accounting devices show the number of incoming resources and the number of resources that are spent by tenants (according to the indications of individual electricity metering devices, water, and so on).
  4. As a foundation, all common areas of the house, residential space and electricity tariff, which is used in a particular region took place.

So, one = the difference of the general-purpose volume and the volume spent in residential and non-residential premises by accounting devices and regulations (in the absence of counters). It is also necessary to subtract the value "deduction".

V deduction - the amount of resource that is used for the calculated period by the Contractor in the production of another communal service:

  • Vi odd = (V about - Σu Vu tender. - ΣV VV housing. - Σu VW lived. - V cr) multiplied by (Si / s);
  • V about the testimony of the general meter;
  • VU N - the number of locked electricity in non-residential apartments;
  • VV housing - consumption of an apartment that is not equipped with individual counters;
  • Vw lived - apartment consumption, which is equipped with individual accounting devices;
  • V CR - the amount of energy that was used by the perpetrator of utility services to produce heating and hot water supply (in those houses that are not equipped with centralized provision of resources data);
  • SI - apartment area;
  • S about the area of ​​all residential premises at home.

In order to accrue the rent according to these formulas, management companies and HOAs more often use special software with the content of the necessary formulas for calculating ODN, and also take into account the requirements of local legislation.

The calculation of the OND helped optimally distribute the work on the introduction of new standards and pushed the Criminal Code and the HOA to carry out the resource saving procedure. The entire campaign of the installation of universal metering of water and electricity affected the overall savings of the communal resource.

If the value of one negative or zero, then the consumed volume on a dormitory meter is equal to or less than summed by the values ​​of individual volume accounting devices.

This is possible when the devices were not installed in several apartments of a multi-storey building, the tenants pay according to the standard. The actual consumption is less.

The negative difference of one by a utility service should recalculate, dividing it between consumers and tenants.

Take a value proportional to those living in a certain apartment or size of a total area. The algorithm is stated in Art. 354 Government Decree.

Calculation formula without a general-friendly meter

VI ODON.5 = N one × s ov × (si / s) :

  • N OND - a regulatory of electricity consumption, which established the authorities of the country's subject;
  • S OI - the area of ​​the total common property;
  • SI - apartment area;
  • S Oh - the total area of ​​apartments in the building (residential and non-residential).

Owners who have not established the metering device are paid for services with an increase in 1.5 coefficient.

Do I need to pay one

The presidential decree on the cancellation of payment for general business needs established the priority of payment of general communal services on the counters before the established standards, and did not completely cancel them.

Many are interested, whether the owner of non-residential premises should pay for general needs. The need for payment is determined by the following standards:

  1. According to Article 210 of the Civil Code, the owner undertakes to keep the property with which he owns.
  2. Article 37 of the LCD RF regulates that the share in the right of common ownership of the common property in the apartment building of the owner of the premises in this house is proportional to the size of the total area of ​​this housing.
  3. Article 39 LCD RF, Article 249 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation: Each participant in equity ownership must properly pay taxes, fees and other common property payments, divide the costs of its content, participate in payment.
  4. The rules for the provision of utilities, which were approved by the Government Decree No. 354 of 06/06/2011, it is indicated that the consumer of utilities in an apartment building separately pays for utilities that were provided to the consumer in a residential or non-residential premises.

From this it follows that the owners of residential premises and owners of non-residential premises must pay for electricity consumed on one in an apartment building.

Set tariffs in 2020

Tariffs that are approved by the regions are published on the website of management companies. Also published standards for consumption of general needs.

Each citizen has the right to verify the correct payment of payment, which makes it possible to make calculations for utility services more transparent.

Knowing the standard one, you can independently compare the stated amount on one and determine whether there was an excess, or everything corresponds to the norm.

If any citizen detects deception on the part of the management company, the rights of tenants are protected by the Federal Law No. 116. The management company pays the penalty to the consumer and an administrative penalty.

About a new payment document

In June 2018, Russians received new receipts for housing and communal services, which contains more information about what the tenants are paid by apartment buildings. A graph appeared, which reveals how much the journey increased.

The amount of debt and fine will be inserted into the receipt if the payment was untimely. But not all Russians are aware of how a new payment will look like, and fraudsters are thrown fake documents in the mailboxes.

In receipts there must be 33 graphs, the cipher is small to have enough space for all indicators . You can see the amount of tested electricity and water to clean the entrance, the tariff, the final amount.

Payments will become more transparent. Two collimont contributions will be transferred to the Count payment for the housing content.

In the presence of unreasonable calculations, which goes on every month, you can easily notice these changes, remove the control readings of generalical metering devices and contact the management company.

It is necessary to suspect a non-carry, if the amounts have increased dramatically, and no one spent the general gil assembly.

Check the correctness of the calculations of a pensioner or simply an ordinary tenant. Unfair companies send fake receipts with overestimated numbers on which there is an arms.

For the protection of residents of Minstroy added additional fields to the payment: identifiers of the payment document and a single personal account. These numbers will help to distinguish a real payment document from the fake.

A source: https://kargatskiy.ru/zemelnyj-uchastok/chto-vhodob-v-obshhedomovye-nuzhdy-i-kto-ih-oplachivaet-v-2020-godu.html

How from July 1, the calculation of the fee for generalic needs in homes without a management organization and homeowners

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

Experts and media talk about the new decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 06.29.2020 No. 950 mainly in the light of the transfer of the obligation to install and replace electricity from the owners of the premises to suppliers of this resource and network organizations. But it concerns other RSOs. Find out what and why. How to accrue CR on the soy of water supply in the absence of a standard

The approach to calculating the board for one in houses with direct control has changed PP of the Russian Federation No. 950

In the new video of the online journal "Housing and communal services: the head of the expert council of the Association of Professional Property Governing Real Estate" P1 ", Elena Shereeshovets, spoke about one of the innovations in the field of settlement for utilities, introduced by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2020 No. 950:

➡️ Watch the video on -Kanal Association "P1"

PP of the Russian Federation No. 950 mainly concerns energy sales and network companies: according to the document, now they will be installed, maintain and repair electricity accounting devices. But there is one change in it, which concerns other RNOs supplying resources into apartment buildings with a direct or unreflected / unrealized management method. We tell more.

From July 1, 2020, the consumption standard is not applied to the settlement of one in homes without UN / HOA

In the houses with a direct method of control and in the MKD, where it is not chosen or not implemented, there is no control organization or HOA, therefore, the owners of the premises in the house does not find the housing service of the Kyrgyz Republic on soy. Instead, consumers make a fee for a communal service one.

Before the appearance of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950, the size of the board for consumers for the communal service, presented for generalic needs, was calculated based on the volume not exceeding the value of the consumption of the relevant resource.

That is, a resource-supplying organization, regardless of the actual number of the supplied CR, could put the residents of the house for payment only by the regulatory volume (the second paragraph 44 of PP of the Russian Federation No. 354).

Experminative paid the RSO itself.

PP of the Russian Federation № 950 has changed this situation. From July 1, 2020, para. 2 p. 44 of the PP of the Russian Federation No. 354 raised strength, and now the calculation of fees for all utilities, in addition to heat supply, in houses without WE / HOA / LCD is maintained on the basis of actual consumption, according to the testimony of accounting devices. RSO has the right to put all the consumed volume of the MKD in the MKD. The electricity is paid to work

RSO has the right to put out owners to pay all the resource-consumed resource on one

As Elena Shereeshovets told in the video, the rate of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950 that the RSO can put consumers in homes without an UO / HOA or a cooperative a full amount of communal resource consumed, correctly. Only, as always, there is "but".

As a rule, there are often old two-story wooden houses where people with a small sufficiency live. If the Contractor Ku takes and set them the amount for the entire volume of one, most likely, it will lead to a social explosion and complaints in all levels of authorities up to the president.

An expert in video recommends that resource providers first systematically work out the question in each specific house, and then put a fee for OND on the fact of consumption. If the volume of one in the house is large, the RSO should hold a number of activities to reduce it. What you need to do, you can find out by looking at the release of the online magazine.

If the resource provider does not want problems with the authorities and supervision and negativity in the media and social networks in their address, put the consumers of the OND on the basis of the fact, and not the standard follows only after it has been carried out to reduce one in the house.

As Elena Shereeshovets noted, changes in legislation - a good stimulus for measures to reduce the volumes of one in houses with direct control, because sometimes they simply do not have time nor forces, no workers.

On the settlement of the consuming communal resource when changing tariffs

On a note

Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 29.06.

2020 No. 950, in addition to the adjustment of the procedure for calculating fees for the ODN in homes without a management organization or the HOA / Cooperative, has made changes to the order of installation and repair of individual electricity accounting devices. If earlier it was responsible for the owners of the premises, then from July 1, 2020, such duties moved to energy sales and network companies.

To implement this innovation, changes were made immediately in several regulatory legal acts:

  • "Rules of non-discriminatory access to services for the transmission of electrical energy and providing these services" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 861).
  • "Rules for the content of common property in an apartment building" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 491).
  • "Rules for providing utilities to owners and users of premises in apartment buildings and residential buildings" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 354).
  • "Rules, mandatory at the conclusion of a housing management organization or a partnership or a housing cooperative or other specialized consumer cooperative of contracts with resource-supplying organizations" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 124).
  • "The minimum list of services and work necessary to ensure proper maintenance of common property in an apartment building" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 290).

All changes concern only power steers and do not refer to the instruments of accounting of other utility resources.

In a new ruling:

  • It is written how the interaction between electricity suppliers and service consumers will be built;
  • The duties of the parties and the features of electricity accounting are recorded;
  • The timing of the execution of individual work on the operation of accounting devices is established.

A detailed review of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950, as well as the Federal Law of December 27, 2018 No. 522-FZ, read in our next article. Stay tuned!

A source: https://roskvartal.ru/kommunalnye-uslugi/11789-kak-s-1-iyulya-izmenilsya-raschyet-platy-za-odn-v-domah-bez-uo-i-tszh

Is it possible to pay one on the fact within the standard?

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

The answer is possible. And in this article, tell me how.

The article will go about how management companies are deceiving residents of houses, earning the ignorance of laws.

The residents of the house, as the owners of the common property, is entrusted with the obligation to pay utility costs that were spent on servicing common property. It is a warmth, which is heated, electricity spent on the lighting of stair cells and so on.

The management company is obliged to invoice the accounts of residents for the same amount that put the supplier of utility resources. Thus, the Criminal Code does not receive income from its activities, but acts as an intermediate person between residents of the house and the provider of resources.

How to accrue one.

The procedure for calculating the board for the ODIN is registered in part 9.2 of Art. The 156 Housing Code of the Russian Federation, in accordance with which the management company is obliged to accrual the board for the OND on the basis of the cost of consumption with recalculation based on the testimony of a general-friendly metering device.

Due to the improved design of the article, the management companies interpose the article of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation in their favor. Some ignore the provision on the recalculation, speaking into the word standard and without reading until the end of the article.

Other management companies act thinner.

With reference to the status of the article, lawyers of companies parry that the law did not approve the timing of the recalculation and the management company has the right to produce it once in the calendar year.

However, both arms are not consistent. The order of recalculation, which is provided for by Part 9.2. Art. 156 LCD RF, disclosed in paragraph 44 of the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 354 of 06.05.2011. It is indicated that the volume of the communal service provided for generalic needs for the estimated period, It may not exceed the volume of the communal service calculated on the basis of the consumption standards of the relevant utility resource in order to maintain a common property in an apartment building ,

Based on the foregoing item, it follows that the management company is obliged to calculate the board for the OND based on the testimony of the general mechanism of accounting, but within the approved standard.

If the fee for one is more than the standard, the inhabitants pay one in the amount of the standard, and everything else pays the management company at its own expense.

Again, if the size of the fee for the maintenance of soybeans based on the testimony of the ODA will be less than the standard, the owners are paid in accordance with the indications of the OPA.

Thus, the management company deprives the opportunity to earn the owner due to the difference between the approved standard and actual expenses. This position adheres to the Ministry of Construction and Communal Services of the Russian Federation in his letter No. 50534-og / 04 of November 17, 2017.

However, before taking the assault office of its management company, it is necessary to remember that the above mechanism works until the owners have not accepted at the meeting on the approval of the procedure for determining the size of the board for the ODN. In the event that the specified question is Otan positively, the management company in accordance with the law and the will of the residents themselves is not obliged to take on any costs.

Tips, how to oblige to calculate the OND in accordance with the law.

one. Explore the receipt to understand how you charge the fee for the content of the common property. If the management company charges according to the standard I ignore the testimony of a general-friendly metering device, then go to the second step.

1.1. If you do not work yourself in yourself, please contact the management company with a request to clarify the content of the receipt and explain how accrual is made.

If the employees of the Criminal Code evade the dock of the response, then do not despair, consult a complaint to the Department of State Housing and Construction Supervision, which complain that you did not give a response to the deadline, as well as conduct an inspection on the accrual for one.

2. In the event that the management company makes accruals with a violation of the order described above, contact the management company's office with a request for recalculation on previously exhibited bills, reinforcing the statement by the foregoing arguments.

2.1.

If the management company responds to your letter to the refusal, you have the right to write a complaint with the Department of State and Construction Supervision, in which you write that the management company violates the rights of the inhabitants, makes a charge of the fee for the mainstream content without taking into account the testimony of OTP. At the end of the complaint, demand to check and recalculate on previously exhibited accounts. The arguments in the complaint are supported by reference to the decision of the Supreme Court of 12.12.2018. №3-ad18-1.

Outcome

At the end of the article, I want to pay attention to the importance of the issue with a fee for the mainstream content. First of all, this question is not about the fact that the owner should pay less or how to put on his knees a control company. The size of the board for one is primarily the indicator of the status of a common property.

The standards that are approved by the state are overwhelmed, and they are a ceiling of reasonable losses, the cost of maintaining the water system, - heat, power supply.

If residents of the house pay soybeans over a standard, this suggests that, first of all, someone steals a resource from the central system, or the state of pipes / networks is so bad that it is overrun and this signal to ensure that the management company takes measures to save measures resources.

The conscientious managers are taking measures to prevent the occurrence of these risks, and other meetings and shift all the risks on the shoulders of the owners themselves, collecting a fee for the housing content that includes costs for the current repairs and without conducting it. Watch your home, defend your rights and execute your duties.

У

A source: https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5c9e7ebb24949900b295c13e/mojno-li-platitit-odn-po-faktu-v-predlah-normativa-5d908ca0a3f6e400de4feb5.

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

Legal subjects are very complicated, but in this article, we will try to answer the question "one in fact or by the standard in 2020." Of course, if you have questions you can consult free of charge from lawyers online directly on the site.

Yes, only here is the problem in what they pay - and there is no comfort: the bulbs are constantly knocked out or unscrewed, the entrances do not wash and do not be removed. And in the payment documents, this service is prescribed precisely as "service" (separate communal service).

In different constituent entities of the Russian Federation, it is established and received its separate specific indicator of the consumption of one or another resource on one.

The amount of payment for utility resources, including for consumed electricity, was calculated in proportion to consumption not only on consumers - individuals with the lack of individual accounting devices, as well as non-residential premises, which are underway to the general mechanism of accounting.

Starting from September 1, 2012, according to the rules for the provision of utilities, which were approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation from No. 354, dated May 6, 2011, the volume of the communal service, which was provided for the estimated period on one, are calculated and distributed between tenants in proportion to the size of the entire area. which belongs to each consumer (in its use) of residential and non-residential premises in an apartment building.

Calculation of one by electricity in an apartment building

For the last month, there was a lot of calls from the outrageous tenants living in an apartment building for the last month, following the total electricity consumption in 4, and even 6 times.

Electricity consumption for generalic needs used to be described in the receipt of a separate line "ODN", but in connection with the introduction of changes to pay for utilities of January 1, 2017, this graph was removed from the payments.

However, the sums suddenly increased sharply, with which the Russians absolutely disagree.

Thus, the legislator, in my opinion, stimulates the Criminal Code to actively engage in the introduction of technology for saving all types of resources, as well as carry out control measures to reflect the real consumption of resources on individual accounting devices.

It is necessary to go through apartments and reconcile. In practice, it is often a very important fact, exceeding the supply of hot water supply and heating, when the loss of the coolant on the accidents of the RSO thermal networks wishes to write off the MCD on the Criminal Code.

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Physical needs: current conditions for calculating one

Recall - earlier the explanation of the specified question was given by letters of the Minstro, from the next explanation, given by the letter from MinStroy explains that when calculating the fee for utilities in order to maintain a common property in an apartment building, it is envisaged to include different areas of common property for different utility of cold and hot water, electrical energy etc. Minstroy notes that in accordance with the Federal Law of

Love Chesnokova, editor-in-chief of the magazine "Management of an apartment building". Housing inspectors began to verify the availability of communications in the MCD. We write about this readers.

If one is not found, they give prescriptions to install or fine. Why suddenly? And if its employees checked the documents rather than basements, and fined the resource workers, now the situation has changed.

Housing inspectors come and write prescriptions to those who are accustomed to - UO and housing associations.

COMPANY ONN in 2020 in fact or by standard

Another question is the debt of individual tenants. Their debts have nothing to do with the formulas of the OND calculation and continue to remain personal obligations. They are not distributed on other owners. Even if a large number of debtors appear in the house for utilities, it does not lead to an increase in the board for the OND on a general aware meter and according to standards.

How to charge one on the standard or by calculation in the MKD G Volgograd 2020

By law, this consumption is distributed between the owners of all the premises in the high-rise building. Many residents at the form of a monthly accrued amount for general communal services begin to be angry seriously, as they are confident that there should be only coverage of entrances, water consumption in the basement and other limited needs for common areas.

  1. Removing the testimony of a common accounting device.
  2. The readings of individual counters are removed.
  3. The difference of values ​​is determined.
  4. Exceeding the testimony of a general-friendly meter is divided by the number of apartments in proportion to the area of ​​the premises.
  5. The resulting indicator is compared with the standard of consumption of one.
  6. If the value of one does not exceed the standard, it is fully incorporated in the cost of housing content.
  7. When the calculated indicator turns out above the laid, the tenants pay the ODN according to the approved standards, and the residue is paid by the management organization.

Until 2020, universal needs were fixed in a separate line of the receipt of housing and communal services. Since 2020, the cost of maintaining the home acquired new features of the calculation and accrual. To understand what the account is made on utility bills, it is necessary to figure out where the costs of one and what the essence of changes are now indicated.

What are the tariffs for 2020

Equipment of premises of accounting devices in the interests of residents of apartment buildings. This will save on costs. Features of the calculation of one in 2020 - the priority of the indicators of the meter over the standards.

In addition, the utility bills should not include service provisions: if the payment is included in the bill for watering the lawn or hot water, and there is no lawn in your yard and in mom, and the water in the technical premises is cold - this is a fraud.

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In the house connected to the power grid, the resource organization directs a certain amount of electricity daily. Part it is used by residents and is defined as individual consumption.

The residue is spent on the maintenance of common houses that are not equipped with individual counters, and is fixed only by a general-friendly metering device.

These are electricity to one in an apartment building or the amount of resource used for servicing common areas at home.

As previously reported "Comisonline", the amount of the payment of one-electricity depends largely, whether the counter is installed in the house that will significantly save residents of residents.

If it is not, the fee is calculated according to the standard set back in 2013. However, from June 1, 2017, these regulations will be revised.

The corresponding order of the Ministry of Construction Committee is published on the official portal of the republic.

ONN in - 2017: Formulas for calculating, standards and - payroll tariffs

Changes in legislation concern general-friendly needs, which were calculated in the form of the difference between the testimony of individual accounts and the general electricity meter. The resulting amount was divided between owners of housing, taking into account their share in general property.

Excess water flow, heat or energy will pay the Criminal Code or HOA. It is the responsibility of these structures for surplus consumption should make them check for each subordinate house, to identify leakage or embezzlement, cases of unauthorized use of resources, carry out work on their savings and increase energy efficiency.

Electricity for general business needs

In the absence of a collective (generalic) device for taking into account cold water, hot water, electrical energy and thermal energy (if there is a technical ability to install such metering devices), a communal service fee provided for generalic needs for the estimated period is calculated using the increase in the coefficients provided for Approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, the rules for establishing and determining the cost of consumption of utilities. "Rules for the provision of utilities to owners and users of premises in apartment buildings and residential buildings", Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 06.05.2011 №354

Scheme for calculating costs ODN in 2020

Considering the concept of common house needs as one of the articles of mandatory payments for owners in the account structure, it can be said that this is a misunderstanding. The draft costs for general household needs provides for the LCD of the Russian Federation, and payment for them should be distributed among the owners, according to the terms of the main agreement.

There are situations where resources are consumed in premises without counters, for example, a water crane flows constantly. It becomes a real problem, because the owners continue to pay according to standards that do not overlap their overruns.

From January 1, 2020, the heating fee will be considered new

For ordinary consumers, the system has become easier and clearer, and managers of work companies undoubtedly gained.

Each month should be reconciled by the spending of resources from the RNO, and when consuming the established standards for the established standards, pay the difference of one per light and water from their pocket.

This item responds to a common question about whether attics and basements include one-electricity; The resources consumed on the ODN are the difference between the testimony of a general-friendly meter and the amount of testimony of the IPU, showing consumption in apartments and non-residential premises.

  • In connection with frequent changes in the legislation, information sometimes becomes faster than we have time to update it on the site.
  • All cases are very individual and depend on the set of factors. Basic information does not guarantee a solution to your problems.

ONN in 2020 - regulations and calculation of general work

The zero or negative value of the OND may arise if the consumed volume on a public resource accounting meter will be equal to or less than the volume that is summarized according to the indications of individual accounting devices. This may be when the devices are not installed in several apartments of the apartment building and they pay according to the standard. In this case, the actual consumption is significantly less.

Electricity

Electricity consumption for general business needs used to be described in the receipt by a separate line "ODN", but in connection with the introduction of changes to pay for utilities of January 1, 2020, this graph was removed from the payments. However, the sums suddenly increased sharply, with which the Russians absolutely disagree.

By virtue of this, the work of management companies has become a bureaucratic mechanism for drawing up responses to countless consumer complaints and providing decompositions of calculations. But, the deadline for the entry into force was postponed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation to 01.

Federal Law of July 29, 2017 No. 258-ФЗ "On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation "is adopted.

General

  1. Appointment of weighty sums of fine.
  2. The need for payroll costs, in addition to the principal amount of debt and accumulated penalties.
  3. Arrest bank accounts to repay debt.
  4. Property arrest and its sale through auctions.
  5. In rare cases, the owner can attract to correctional work.

A source: https://baiksp.ru/sotsialnoe-obespechenie/odn-po-faktu-ili-po-normativu-v-2019-godu

Formula for calculating ODN in MKD 2020 - Law

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

Dear readers! The article tells about the typical ways to solve legal issues, but each case is individual. If you want to know how Solve your problem - Contact a consultant:

But the achievement of the government assigned to the government depends on each owner, since only the tenants themselves can sufficiently control the work of governing organizations and the correctness of the settlements.

How the standard of one-electricity is calculated and what its size in 2020 is calculated

  1. In the Novosibirsk region from January 1, 2020, an updated standard of electricity consumption on one per 1 kV is recorded. m for 3-storey apartment buildings of 0.907 kW / h per month, for 5-storey 2,210 kW / h, 12-storey 4.411 kW / h, 13-storey, depending on the availability of an individual heating point - from 6.128 to 7.014 kW / h .
  2. In the Rostov region, if the multi-storey is equipped with only light bulbs, you will have to pay 0.6 kW / h per month per one. If there is an elevator, electricity spending standard increases to 1.7 kW / h. The pumping equipment in the house requires payment for spending light plus 0.9 kW / h.
  3. In Saratov, the tenants of the apartment building in 2 floors pay the consumption of the resource with lighting devices in the entrances of 0.59 kW / h per month, 4 floors increase the size of up to 0.84 kW / h, and in the presence of a pump device, the standard reaches 0.97 kW. / h.

    In the 9th-force, the standard of ONN in Light in 2020 is 1.82 kW / h at a minimum, there is an elevator - pay 2.4 kW / h, pump - 2.10 kW / h, power plants - 2.72 kW / h .

  • illumination of staircases, tambours, entrances;
  • Electricity required for uninterrupted intercoms;
  • electricity that consume elevator cabins;
  • Electricity for video cameras, if installed in the house;
  • Technological losses fixed in domestic networks.

OND in - 2020: Formulas for calculation, standards and - Payment tariffs

In the summer of 2015, the Federal Duma of the Russian Federation adopted Federal Law No. 176-FZ "On Amendments to the LCD of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation". The law was aimed at creating the conditions necessary for efficient work and improving the payment discipline of the Housing and Communal Services.

The most revolutionary changes in it were amended, as a result of which the fee for the maintenance of the general property from 01/01/2020 began to include a fee for utilities consumed in the process of using common property of an apartment building.

This fee should be accrued on the basis of the value of consumption calculated on the standard, which is established at the level of republics, edges and regions.

As in other cases, the calculation of one-in-hot and cold water is calculated depending on the availability of general metering devices (OTP).

The presence of such devices with automated transmission of readings facilitates the task.

Including the Code itself - to eliminate friction with resource suppliers, which can write off all technological losses on the owners of the MKD. As well as for the operational counting of consumption of utility resources.

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m for 3-storey apartment buildings of 0.907 kW / h per month, for 5-storey 2,210 kW / h, 12-storey 4.411 kW / h, 13-storey, depending on the availability of an individual heating point - from 6.128 to 7.014 kW / h . In the Rostov region, if the multi-storey is equipped with only light bulbs, you will have to pay 0.6 kW / h per month per one.

The management company is obliged to fulfill the solutions of general meetings. The management agreement enshrines the rights and obligations of both parties. If the Criminal Code does not agree, it is possible to apply to the State Housing Inspection or to the court. As explained Olga Panicheva, there are houses in the city that pay the OND in fact.

If there is no universal electricity metering device, the calculation is made using electricity consumption standards for generalic needs. The first way is fraudulent.

It is to "overlap" costs for utility resources at the expense of other articles or include in the "Hidden Payments" in the receipt.

However, managers can choose the second, conscientious risk minimization path.

What includes the content of the common property of the house? One is the monthly cost of maintaining the common property of the house, that is, stairs, elevators, corridors, technical premises, attics, basements, roof, etc. The pumping equipment in the house requires payment for spending light plus 0.9 kW / h.

One: pay in fact or according to the standard

First. At the General Meeting, owners can make a decision (at least two thirds) to pay based on the actual readings of the general-purpose metering device. If the readings are less than the standard, the owners will pay less, more than the standard - will pay more.

The topic of expenditures for general business needs (OND) got up to a particularly acute, when residents of the city began to receive receipts by rent, where additional lines appeared: for water, electricity on one. How to pay for them: in fact or regulatory?

Accrual ONN by standard

These tariffs were established for various types of ODN, including cold and hot water, as well as power supply and heating and were approved by local municipal bodies (with an example of high-voltage and DHW standards, you can read the sources attached to the article).

Operational needs for electricity are part of the resource, which goes to maintain and ensure the coverage of a high-rise building, outside the share of electricity that the owner uses within its residential property. That is, the amount of ONN in electricity includes such a list of costs:

One standards Pratus Izhevsk in 2020

For the Trans-Baikal Territory, this value is 65, in Krasnoyarsk 57, in Rostov 96 and in Orlovsk 19 kWh. If there is an excess of the established standard, the payment for the overrun comes with an increase in the coefficient by about 1.5 times, but this is only in the specified regions and only for the time of testing this approach.

Innovation that will allow you to overcome one - these are intelligent accounting systems when the device automatically transmits readings from all apartments. And such accounting systems will be raised by the managers themselves.

ONN in 2020 - regulations and calculation of general work

The reform of the OND prevents such spending, helps to identify weak points and help control the costs of the tenants themselves. The owners of apartments may regard innovations as the first step towards the optimal use of resources of the house.

  • Hall. Maintenance of flowers and lawns, maintaining cleanliness in entrances and office space, cleaning sewage and other tangents.
  • DHW. Activities related to the preparation of residential buildings to the heating season, that is, checking heating systems by emissions of hot water, repair of batteries.

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The procedure for charging one from January 2020-2020

Behind the vesizated legislative formulation is hidden, in fact, a fairly simple mechanism. Previously, the costs of public units (ODD) were charged in residents of apartment buildings based on the actual volume of water consumption or electrical energy according to the testimony of collective metering devices.

By virtue of this, the work of management companies has become a bureaucratic mechanism for drawing up responses to countless consumer complaints and providing decompositions of calculations. But, the deadline for the entry into force was postponed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation to 01.

How to calculate one for water

The standard of consumption on one-on-cold and hot water is approved by the local government body in each specific region and is represented as an application to the order of the Ministry of Energy and the LCD in the form of detailed tables.

For example, for the Perm region, the rate of hot water supply for residential apartment buildings 1 of the group (of 8) with a seating bath 120 cm. With a shower with a closed heat supply system in 1-storey buildings are 0.249, and for 9-storey (under the same conditions) - already 0.579. In

Korolev for 2015 Calculation of one on cold water was performed based on 37.79 rubles / cube. m., and 108.34 rubles / water supply 1 person. etc.

In the absence of a common meter, the calculation of the board is made according to the standards, with the algorithm in accordance with each standard Dan in the order of the Ministry of Energy and LCD. In schematic expression, the formula for calculating one-in-hot and cold water in this case looks like this:

Old new one

The reader called: "I watched on TV. Speech by the head of GGA Irina Gaydenko, she said that since July 1, there are changes in legislation, and.

This means that there can be no big amounts for one by one - only according to the standard? " The question is important, after all, any changes in the order of accrual of payments for the general needs of consumers are waiting with impatience - and with the hope that these changes in their favor.

Thirdly, from Resolution No. 306, which "Rules for establishing and defining regulations of utility consumption" are approved, a plate that distributes the accrual of the increasing coefficient to the cost of consumption of utilities in the absence of metering devices is excluded.

No, the coefficients themselves did not disappear anywhere, but now they are included in the formulas that are contained in applications to the "Rules for Communal Services" (Resolution No. 354), marked: "The raising coefficient whose value in 2016 is taken equal to 1.4, And from January 1, 2020 - 1.5 ".

Yes, the size of the coefficient has changed, and although now in Novokuznetsk, resource-supplying organizations are not charged, the "ceiling" of increasing the consumption standard is determined in 1.5, and not 1.6, as before.

One: according to the standard or in fact

Suppose if you take into account the information provided by the management organizations, the standard on one for houses with elevators will be 4.7 kW per hour per square meter of general-purpose property, which is above the current standard, which is 4.28 kW per hour.

In this regard, after consulting in the Working Group, it was decided to make calculations on the basis of the rules of the illumination of premises and regulatory documents of the work of elevator equipment reflected in the respective GOSTs and SNIPS. In this case, the numbers will be more close to reality.

For example, for houses without basements and attics equipped with elevators, heating pumps in the heating period, intercoms, collective antennas and fire alarms, the standard will be 3.105 kW / h per 1 kV. m per month. These calculations on all standards will be in full form presented at the meeting of the Working Group at the end of March.

Then it is planned to discuss the final options for calculations on the public council under REC and approve at a meeting of the Board. That is, REC will be ready to do it in April.

For example, for five-storey houses having all the degrees of improvement, the current standard is 0.041 cubic meters per square meter of the total area of ​​premises, which is part of the general-known property, and the new standard is pre-calculated at the level of 0.040 cubic meters.

As for the standards for electricity, preliminary calculations are still underway, and the difficulty lies in the fact that the data provided by the management organizations in terms of the work hours is not entirely correct, since they differ in different houses hundreds of times.

Fee for generalic needs is limited to standards since January 2020

- Details must be reflected in payment orders. This requires updated rules for the content of common property in an apartment building, and also recommends the Ministry of Construction and Civil Code of the Russian Federation to fully inform citizens about the cost of paying housing services.

The second important point. Canceled the previous scheme for accrualing payments for one. Recall that their size was determined on the basis of the difference between the testimony of general-purpose metering devices and the sum of the readings of individual counters.

And in most apartment buildings of Stavropol owners, it was decided to complete the distribution between them this difference for payment. From January 2020, the fee for OND received clear limits.

It may not be higher than the relevant regulations for the consumption of utilities for generalic needs. Thus, the costs of paying for the extensive volume of utility resource from now assigned to the management company and the HOA.

I also clarify that, with the initial inclusion in the fee for the content of the residential premises of expenses for the payment of resources consumed on the ODN, the decision of the General Assembly of Owners is not required.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one

Tariffs for general business needs from 01/01/2020 have undergone some changes associated with the growth and change of the list of services provided. Payment one is included in the mandatory list of utility bills that the owners must pay and tenants of residential premises. What innovations they can expect this year, let's talk later.

The costs of ODN are reflected in the receipt of the corresponding line. It represents the difference between the residents of the apartment used for the month and the total cost of home maintenance. Roughly speaking, one is a set of costs for the mainstream of the house.

How to charge one in 2020 in the HOA

  1. Appointment of weighty sums of fine.
  2. The need for payroll costs, in addition to the principal amount of debt and accumulated penalties.
  3. Arrest bank accounts to repay debt.
  4. Property arrest and its sale through auctions.
  5. In rare cases, the owner can attract to correctional work.

Legislation in the field of housing and communal services is developing very dynamically.

As soon as everything is accustomed to the provisions of the Government Decree No. 307, Resolution No. 354 was published.

Then changes were made to this document, change was repeated.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one - about the garden and the house

(ten 5.00.

A source: https://capitallawdo.ru/formula-dlya-nachisleniya-odn-v-mkd-2020.html

Minstroy explained how to pay for general work

One in fact or according to the standard in 2020

Minstroy allowed to pay for the content of common property in an apartment building less than standards - according to the testimony of general-owned counters.

From January 1, for general business needs paid on regional standards. Some managers used a new law to further enrich themselves at the expense of tenants. They accrued payment for public needs on standards, even if the house saved electricity and water for general needs.

Minstroy explained when you can pay less standards. If the cost of resources by a dormitory meter is below the norm, only actual consumption is needed.

It is worth checking out their receipts and deal with the management company.

Minstroy ordered the regions to take into account the technical features of the houses, even if these parameters are not specified in general rules. For example, there are no energy-saving events in general rules, but they need to be taken into account.

In apartment buildings there is a common property: entrances, courtyard, elevator, intercom, basement. They need to be removed, illuminated and damp. These costs are proportionally distributed among apartment owners.

Pay for the content of the total property tenants should under the law. These payments are charged by default, it is impossible to refuse them. In each kvitka for utilities already exists this amount.

The Criminal Code fits themselves in the receipt of the account for generalic needs - without control and in their schemes. And with resource providers were calculated on actual consumption. This allowed them to make a profit at the expense of residents at home. For example, donate the lifter under the beauty salon, and the water consumption is distributed between the tenants.

Or the mother-in-law manager lives in your home and does not pay for the light. Its costs include in the receipt of other tenants. No one will be able to check the accruals, so everyone pays for a neighbor under the guise of generalic needs.

Look

A source: https://journal.tinkoff.ru/news/odn-minstroy/

Experts and media talk about the new decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 06.29.2020 No. 950 mainly in the light of the transfer of the obligation to install and replace electricity from the owners of the premises to suppliers of this resource and network organizations. But it concerns other RSOs. Learn what and why.

How to accrue kr on waterflow soybean in the absence of a standardHow to accrue kr on waterflow soybean in the absence of a standard

The approach to calculating the board for one in houses with direct control has changed PP of the Russian Federation No. 950

In the new video of the online journal "Housing and communal services: the head of the expert council of the Association of Professional Property Governing Real Estate" P1 ", Elena Shereeshovets, spoke about one of the innovations in the field of settlement for utilities, introduced by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2020 No. 950:

➡️ Watch the video on the YouTube Channel of the Association "P1"

PP of the Russian Federation No. 950 mainly concerns energy sales and network companies: according to the document, now they will be installed, maintain and repair electricity accounting devices. But there is one change in it, which concerns other RNOs supplying resources into apartment buildings with a direct or unreflected / unrealized management method. We tell more.

From July 1, 2020, the consumption standard is not applied to the settlement of one in homes without UN / HOA

In the houses with a direct method of control and in the MKD, where it is not chosen or not implemented, there is no control organization or HOA, therefore, the owners of the premises in the house does not find the housing service of the Kyrgyz Republic on soy. Instead, consumers make a fee for a communal service one.

Before the appearance of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950, the size of the board for consumers for the communal service, presented for generalic needs, was calculated based on the volume not exceeding the value of the consumption of the relevant resource. That is, a resource-supplying organization, regardless of the actual number of the supplied CR, could put the residents of the house for payment only by the regulatory volume (the second paragraph 44 of PP of the Russian Federation No. 354). Experminative paid the RSO itself.

PP of the Russian Federation № 950 has changed this situation. From July 1, 2020, para. 2 p. 44 of the PP of the Russian Federation No. 354 raised strength, and now the calculation of fees for all utilities, in addition to heat supply, in houses without WE / HOA / LCD is maintained on the basis of actual consumption, according to the testimony of accounting devices. RSO has the right to put all the consumed volume in the MKD residents.

How to pay electricity spent on work ITPHow to pay electricity spent on work ITP

RSO has the right to put out owners to pay all the resource-consumed resource on one

As Elena Shereeshovets told in the video, the rate of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950 that the RSO can put consumers in homes without an UO / HOA or a cooperative a full amount of communal resource consumed, correctly. Only, as always, there is "but".

As a rule, there are often old two-story wooden houses where people with a small sufficiency live. If the Contractor Ku takes and set them the amount for the entire volume of one, most likely, it will lead to a social explosion and complaints in all levels of authorities up to the president.

An expert in video recommends that resource providers first systematically work out the question in each specific house, and then put a fee for OND on the fact of consumption. If the volume of one in the house is large, the RSO should hold a number of activities to reduce it. What you need to do, you can find out by looking at the release of the online magazine.

If the resource provider does not want problems with the authorities and supervision and negativity in the media and social networks in their address, put the consumers of the OND on the basis of the fact, and not the standard follows only after it has been carried out to reduce one in the house. As Elena Shereeshovets noted, changes in legislation - a good stimulus for measures to reduce the volumes of one in houses with direct control, because sometimes they simply do not have time nor forces, no workers.

On the settlement of the consuming communal resource when changing tariffsOn the settlement of the consuming communal resource when changing tariffs

On a note

Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 29.06.2020 No. 950, in addition to the adjustment of the procedure for calculating the board for one in homes without a management organization or the HOA / Cooperative, has made changes to the installation and repair of individual electricity accounting devices. If earlier it was responsible for the owners of the premises, then from July 1, 2020, such duties moved to energy sales and network companies.

To implement this innovation, changes were made immediately in several regulatory legal acts:

  • "Rules of non-discriminatory access to services for the transmission of electrical energy and providing these services" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 861).
  • "Rules for the content of common property in an apartment building" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 491).
  • "Rules for providing utilities to owners and users of premises in apartment buildings and residential buildings" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 354).
  • "Rules, mandatory at the conclusion of a housing management organization or a partnership or a housing cooperative or other specialized consumer cooperative of contracts with resource-supplying organizations" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 124).
  • "The minimum list of services and work necessary to ensure proper maintenance of common property in an apartment building" (PP of the Russian Federation No. 290).

All changes concern only power steers and do not refer to the instruments of accounting of other utility resources. In a new ruling:

  • It is written how the interaction between electricity suppliers and service consumers will be built;
  • The duties of the parties and the features of electricity accounting are recorded;
  • The timing of the execution of individual work on the operation of accounting devices is established.

A detailed review of PP of the Russian Federation No. 950, as well as the Federal Law of December 27, 2018 No. 522-FZ, read in our next article. Stay tuned!

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one - about the garden and the house

How to pay one from January 1, 2020 (ten 5.00. out of 5) loading ...

Tariffs for general business needs from 01.01.

2018 has undergone some changes associated with increasing and changing the list of services provided.

Payment one is included in the mandatory list of utility bills that the owners must pay and tenants of residential premises. What innovations they can expect this year, let's talk later.

What is one and that in them

Under public needs is understood as a whole range of costs for maintenance and maintenance of the general property of the house. The owners of housing comes monthly receipt for payment of one.

The calculation of the amount specified in it depends on the tariffs of the organization providing services and consumption of resources.

Any utilities, a management company, HOA and other communities, created by the decisions of residents, can have ONN.

In accordance with the Housing Code, the owners of apartments are obliged to pay not only services provided by suppliers of resources (light, water, gas), but also for the maintenance of the local area territory, generalic needs, capital and cosmetic repairs.

Without payment of one, it is impossible to carry out a full cleaning of premises and technical floors, gardening the territory near the house and the creation of lighting the entrance.

If the tenants stop paying for general work, their house will not be landscaped and comfortable for living. Paying receipts, not many owners are interested in what is included in one.

The liver of services included in the tariff of generalic needs will be varied depending on the organization with which the residents of the house have concluded a contract.

As a rule, it is implied to perform the following list of works:

  1. Cleaning of the local area.
  2. Starting heating.
  3. Cleaning in the entrances and elevators.
  4. Watering live plantings.
  5. elevators.
  6. Cleaning in attics, basements and technical premises.

The costs of ODN are reflected in the receipt of the corresponding line. It is the difference between the residents of the apartment used for the month of the residents of the apartment and the total cost of maintaining the home.

For instance For watering flower and wet room cleaning, tap water is used. Its consumption is taken into account by the testimony of a general-friendly meter. Monthly, the resources spent in this way are paid from the residential wallet at home.

If individual accounting devices have not been established in the house, the calculation of the OND is carried out by formulas and regulations adopted at the city or regional level. There is a lot of public costs in many ways on the season, the availability of heating and other factors in the house. It is safe to say that in every residential building there will be its own amount of one.

What changes relative to ONN were introduced

Payment for generalic needs (ODN) from January 1, 2018 has undergone a number of changes. In the coming period it is planned:

  • Carry out strict control over raising tariffs.
  • Cancel the ADD string by including it in the overall list of services.
  • Summarize the costs of one with the cost of other services.

In 2020, it is planned to raise the cost of one at least 3-7%. The final amount that must be paid for residents depends on the apartment area. Untime payment may well lead to the accrual of penalties and the arrest of bank accounts.

The components of the ODN in 2020 will not change. Rising tariffs is possible, but it must be fully justified by the management of management companies.

According to the government, removing the OND from the list of services provided, including its value in total costs, citizens will cease to be confused in the calculations of utility payments.

All implemented and planned limitations are carried out on the basis of decree 1148.

Physical needs will disappear only from the receipt, while their cost will be included in the total amount. Pay for them will still have to owners of housing and tenants.

How to pay universal needs

Calculation of generalic needs can be carried out in two ways:

  1. Based on the readings of individual accounting devices.
  2. According to regulations developed at the local or regional level.

If the house has counters, problems with counting the resources spent on the general needs will not arise. Authorized employees just just take testimony once a month, identify actual costs and multiply them to a standard tariff.

When there are no individual accounting devices in the house, residents pay according to standards. In this case, the normal is multiplied by the total area of ​​the house. The resulting amount is distributed between the tenants based on the apartments area. To know with the standards of the OND can any owner of the apartment.

To this end, you should contact the office of the Management Company or go to its official website. As a rule, this information is publicly available. If the owner has doubts about the appointed amount of ODN, it is entitled to contact the manager for clarifications.

It is worth saying that residents are more profitable to pay for the counters. Therefore, you need to think about their installation.

Individual metering devices will help significantly reduce the costs of general work.

Residents will only pay for the number of resources that was spent on servicing their home.

Is it possible to save on payments of general goals

You can save on public needs only by reducing resource consumption, if you have individual accounting instruments in the house.

Make it possible with:

  • Reducing cold water consumption. It mainly goes to harvest the entrances and watering green spaces near the house. It is possible to reduce consumption, but in most cases it is not advisable.
  • Reducing hot water consumption. As a rule, it means a decrease in the number of activities for the preparation of the house to the heating season. When checking the heating system, there is a large water loss, which increases the costs of residents at home.
  • Reducing the amount of electricity consumed. Light bulbs in the stairwell, intercoms and elevators spend a decent amount of electricity, paying which is accounted for owners of apartments. Temporary disconnection will save good money.

For example, tenants can independently turn off lighting in the entrance during the daytime, reducing the general costs of electricity.

In most cases, tariffs for general-made are needed fairly acceptable. Each owner of housing will be able to pay for them. At the same time, reducing resource consumption can lead to extremely negative consequences.

Residents of houses in which counters are installed, it is worth paying attention to inappropriate resource costs. Perhaps the expense will be able to reduce the replacement of communications.

So, it is necessary to recommend to reconstruct the heating system and the rh3.

If there are no counters in the house, it will not be possible to reduce the costs of general business needs.

Residents will pay the tariffs. In this case, it is worth paying for the purchase of an individual accounting device and its installation, significantly reducing the costs of one in the following years.

Can the owner of the apartment refuse to pay odn

It has already been said that in accordance with the LCD of the Russian Federation, the owner of the real estate is obliged to pay the ONN, exactly, like other utilities. Refusal of payments will lead to debt accumulation. In the future, the imposition of fines and accrual of penalties. If the owner does not pay his debts, it may well be transferred to court.

In this case, more stringent punishment measures will be applied, up to:

  1. Appointment of weighty sums of fine.
  2. The need for payroll costs, in addition to the principal amount of debt and accumulated penalties.
  3. Arrest bank accounts to repay debt.
  4. Property arrest and its sale through auctions.
  5. In rare cases, the owner can attract to correctional work.

General needs: summarize

Since the beginning of 2018, a number of changes have been introduced in relation to one. Physical needs will now not be reflected in the receipts in the form of a separate line, they will enter the overall list of services provided.

The accrual of one, will occur based on the testimony of individual accounting devices and standards, as in previous years. Managing companies have the right to raise tariffs by 3-7%, subject to a complete rationale for the increase.

Starting from 2018, the price control will be tightened.

Read also: HOA and management company: differences and mutually beneficial cooperation

© 2018, About garden and house. All rights reserved.

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Law enforcement practice and / or legislation of the Russian Federation changes fairly quickly and information in articles may not have time to upgrade. The most recent and relevant legal information, taking into account the individual nuances of your problem, can be obtained from around the clock free phones:

Or filling out the form below.

One in 2020 the standard and calculation of general

How to pay one from January 1, 2020

Electricity consumption for general business needs used to be described in the receipt by a separate line "ODN", but in connection with the introduction of changes to pay for utilities of January 1, 2020, this graph was removed from the payments. However, the sums suddenly increased sharply, with which the Russians absolutely disagree.

Electricity on one = (values ​​recorded on the electric meter - a total amount of electricity consumed in non-residential square meters, which do not belong to generalicity - the cumulative amount of resource in all residential apartments, where the counters are mounted - the volume of used electricity and apartments where there are no meters) × Apartment area × Area of ​​all apartments in a multi-storey house.

One is the difference between the testimony of personal counters installed in residents of residents and general service instruments in the MCD. When the counter is not installed in the apartment, the volume of spent resources is calculated as the ratio of the apartment area to the sum of all areas of common property.

If there is no universal electricity metering device, the calculation is made using electricity consumption standards for generalic needs. The first way is fraudulent.

It is to "overlap" costs for utility resources at the expense of other articles or include in the "Hidden Payments" in the receipt.

However, managers can choose the second, conscientious risk minimization path.

Calculation of one by electricity in an apartment building

Most apartment buildings are already equipped with general-purpose instruments for taking into account communal resources (electricity, water and heat).

Many apartments have individual counters for which tenants provide testimony and a communal fee is charged. In essence, public needs are a difference between the testimony of devices of general and individual.

Those owners who do not have counters in the apartment, one is distributed, based on the ratio of an apartment area to shared residential areas of the house.

As already mentioned, the fee for the SN from January 1, 2020 was transferred to the category of costs for the mainstream of the common property, this means that the Row of the ODIN in the Quitka should disappear. Now let's decide what is a generalic property. It is strictly defined by Article 36 of paragraph 1 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and includes all the premises of an apartment building serving for general use, excluding apartments:

Regulatory of consumption of utilities for general business needs

  1. Date and place of decision making.
  2. Its registration number.
  3. The basis for its adoption. As a rule, this is a reference to a regulatory act.
  4. Subject of discussion. In this case, these will be the rates of resource consumption for common needs.
  5. The essence of the decision.

    This indicates approved norms and the period of their application.

  6. Terms of implementation of the ruling, that is, when it should be applied.
  7. Circle of persons with which it concerns.
  8. Signature of the head of the regional authority.

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RESULTS OF THE CONSUME OF RESOURCES FOR LEGAL REQUIREMENTS are averaged accounting indicators. At the same time, such data is taken not one by one, but in several hundreds of residential arrays.

It should be noted that the indicators not only in common, but also individual equipment are taken into account. Unified clear legislation legislation is not defined. The decision is made in each particular case with respect to a separate residential array.

The mass of indicators is taken into account: the region in which the building is located, its degree of wear and improvement, the time of year, the state of engineering systems. Consumption standards are the value that determines the maximum cost of resources exceeding which is not recommended.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one

Without payment of one, it is impossible to carry out a full cleaning of premises and technical floors, gardening the territory near the house and the creation of lighting the entrance. If the tenants stop paying for public needs, their house will not be landscaped and comfortable for living.

Residents of houses in which counters are installed, it is worth paying attention to inappropriate resource costs. Perhaps the expense will be able to reduce the replacement of communications. So, it is necessary to recommend to reconstruct the heating system and the rh3.

ONN in 2020 - regulations and calculation of general work

In a house, equipped with accounting devices, the actual resource consumption becomes important. This affects the equipment of the premises by energy-saving light bulbs, motion sensors (such an innovation is used in new homes), replacing the electrical wiring in the entrance and timely repair of water and heating pipes - all these tasks must perform the Criminal Code.

  • lighting attic, basements, entrances, elevators, technical premises;
  • Electricity required for servicing antennas, pumps, elevator works, etc;
  • heating of these zones;
  • water consumption during seasonal checks of the heating system;
  • Costs of electricity and water for the maintenance of the local area: watering lawns, the lighting of the yard.

How to calculate one for water

In a situation where actually lives in the apartment and consumes the water more people than is spelled out, the problem of "rubber apartments" arise. If there are a lot of such, general counters can show consumption 1.5-2 times greater than provided by the standard.

In the absence of a common meter, the calculation of the board is made according to the standards, with the algorithm in accordance with each standard Dan in the order of the Ministry of Energy and LCD. In schematic expression, the formula for calculating one-in-hot and cold water in this case looks like this:

Maximum standards for payment of the ONN will begin to act in Primorye from June 1

- When there were changes to the law on the transfer of one in the scope of management companies, tariffs themselves were not calculated.

And as a result, the rates of 2012 were used as the basis, which are economically and technically do not meet the task at all, "Elena Parkhomenko, Head of the Department of Housing and Communal Economy and Fuel Resources of the Primorsky Territory, noted.

Current tariffs are valid in Primorye since 2012 - the regulations for water and electricity consumption also argued the Department of Tariffs. The accrual of ONN was engaged in resource-supplying companies.

From January 1, 2020, the order was changed and now managers and HOA became responsible for the coveted graphs in receipts.

After such an innovation, some residents of the edge began to receive bills with high sums.

OND in - 2020: Formulas for calculation, standards and - Payment tariffs

When, it would seem, the above-described measures against the "leakage" of resources were accepted, and one still grows, I advise you to establish instruments of accounting for separate risers. In one of the apartment buildings of Izhevsk, this way was found that the neighbors simply did not work for a few months. When the owners were replaced by him, the Digit of the OND immediately decreased.

In the summer of 2015, the Federal Duma of the Russian Federation adopted Federal Law No. 176-FZ "On Amendments to the LCD of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation". The law was aimed at creating the conditions necessary for efficient work and improving the payment discipline of the Housing and Communal Services.

The most revolutionary changes in it were amended, as a result of which the fee for the maintenance of the general property from 01/01/2020 began to include a fee for utilities consumed in the process of using common property of an apartment building.

This fee should be accrued on the basis of the value of consumption calculated on the standard, which is established at the level of republics, edges and regions.

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The head of the region stressed, an explanation of the Ministry of Construction of Russia was already received, which until June 1, 2020, when new standards should be approved, accrual and payment for one is made in such a way that someone has accounting devices, they pay for their testimony, and who has no such - Made a payment on the previously established standard.

"Positions have been introduced for apartment buildings with elevators and equipped with electrodeplinary, electric heating plants for hot water supply, in the heating period and outside it," said the agency, noting that the introduction of these categories is due to the peculiarities of some new buildings.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020, transfer to Zh

How the fee is calculated on the water, you can learn from the example, which demonstrates the work of Stavropol officials.

Thus, representatives of the Ministry of Commissions of the Stavropol Territory, the first of the first calculated and officially approved the standards for the consumption of one.

Their indicators vary depending on the category of residential buildings and with respect to water supply objects are 0.029-0.067 cubic meters of cold water per square meter of dwelling. At the same time, several factors are taken into account:

In order to calculate the energy consumption standards going on public needs, specialists had to be installed in apartment buildings with common counters (accounting devices).

They show how many resources come, and how much it was spent directly by residents (according to the indications of individual instruments of electricity, water, etc.

) The difference obtained relates to the category of the municipal resource in which the house needs.

How to make the calculation of one by electricity on the established standard

  • V D. - electricity consumption according to the indications of the meter;
  • Vu Nen - the amount of electricity spent in non-residential premises;
  • VV housing - consumption of an apartment not equipped with individual counters;
  • VW Zhil.P. - consumption of an apartment equipped with individual counters;
  • V Kr. - the amount of energy used by the performer of utilities for the production of heating and hot water supply (in homes that are not equipped with centralized provision of relevant resources);
  • SI - Apartment area;
  • S Ob. - The total area of ​​all rooms in the McD (residential and non-residential).
  • from 0.57 to 2.99 kW / h depending on the floor (from 1-2 floors to 16 or more) for lighting devices;
  • from 0.25 to 0.57 kW / h per pumps and hardware control pumps of cold water supply depending on the floor;
  • from 1.19 to 1.58 kW / h in houses equipped with elevators, depending on their lifting capacity and floor stores;
  • From 0.04 to 0.28 kW / h depending on the floor and so on.

Universal needs for electricity Resolution 354 2020

How to pay one from January 1, 2020

No matter what room is located in the property of residential or not, what is his status, office, shop, etc. How communications are connected, separately or from a general-friendly person who owns such real estate, takes part in expenditures for general workshops on general reasons .

We give an example of a job won claim against the Criminal Code. The plaintiff appealed to the court demanding the action against him, which were expressed in illegal charges of one for electricity What caused him considerable material damage.

Operational needs from January 1, 2020 are included in the contents of the law.

Standards for one by electricity in different regions: Below are the information that give accurate electricity numbers on soybeans (the composition of the common property in an apartment building). Payment of public needs (OND) from January 1, 2020, transferring to the zhu universal needs from recently not communal, but housing services.

However, this is not a general metering device, but individual, and the cost of its replacement bears the owner of the residential premises. Therefore, in a privatized apartment pays for replacing the consumer, and in the municipal municipality.

Calculation of public needs in 2020

For your information! From January 2020 in houses where the ODN card exceeds the standards or testimony cannot be determined due to the absence of meters, residents can pay for services normally. All unnecessary expenses pays the Criminal Code.

  • work elevators;
  • use of water supply pumps;
  • use of intercoms and alarm;
  • duty lighting of attic and basements;
  • Technological losses associated with the features of installed electrical equipment.

Physical needs for water answers to six topical questions

Resolution at number 354, the amount of payment of one by electricity in 2020 in 2020 in 2020 on the approval of the rules of establishment of I. Common needs. Resolution 354 pay or not to pay.

Fee for generalic needs in 2020, which configurations need to be made. I assume that the debt of 3 years ago cannot be recovered by the court, since the limitation period has expired.

We recommend reading: Tax Benefits Mothers Lone 2020 g

For what we pay to utilities in an apartment building

The tenants of a multi-storey house are equally responsible for the use and good functioning of collective property and have the right to demand from the Criminal Code or supplying a company to conduct regular verification of the correctness of the testimony of collective meters of accounting. Typically, in practice, a total collection of MKD residents is carried out, where those who are checked from the residential houses are elected, which receive the right to check the reference of the Criminal Code to make sure that there are no errors or fraud from suppliers.

Calculation and payment of general workshops occurs in two ways. If multi-storey residential buildings feature collective accounting equipment - hot / cold water meters, electricity and heat, then the calculation of general goals and its distribution between consumers is quite simple.

To do this, it is necessary to relieve the indicators of the collective meter, from them the total amount of individual consumption on consumer counters, and the number received to distribute on the accounts for housing and communal services.

The separation occurs in proportion to the area involved in residential and commercial premises.

How the standard of one-electricity is calculated and what its size in 2020 is calculated

For the last month, there was a lot of calls from the outrageous tenants living in an apartment building for the last month, following the total electricity consumption in 4, and even 6 times. Differences in payment are essential, in one region more, in the other less, and this is understandable - the regulations establishes the regional administration of each individual subject of the Russian Federation.

  • illumination of staircases, tambours, entrances;
  • Electricity required for uninterrupted intercoms;
  • electricity that consume elevator cabins;
  • Electricity for video cameras, if installed in the house;
  • Technological losses fixed in domestic networks.

Resolution No. 354 "Physical Operations"

  • Land on which there is a house;
  • engineering systems and communications;
  • stair spans and sites;
  • attic;
  • roofs;
  • corridors;
  • basements;
  • technical floors;
  • rooms that are adapted for servicing residents, their social or household needs;
  • All technical equipment that serves more than one apartment.

In any case, even if you do not agree with the indicators, it does not give a reason not to pay one. Payment for the service of public property is the responsibility of each owner of the housing in an apartment building.

What is generalic needs and what applies to them

If the value of one negative or zero, then the consumed volume on a dormitory meter is equal to or less than summed by the values ​​of individual volume accounting devices.

According to Article 544 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, the amount of energy in accordance with the indicators of accounting devices is carried out for the energy being accepted by the consumer.

Physical needs in 2020: calculation and features

Until 2020, the norms that determine the calculation of the board for the ODN were rather vague.

Therefore, the management companies accrued payments at their own discretion, and the inhabitants of some areas faced a large difference in tariffs: relatively speaking, one comes a payment for 200 rubles, and another 600.

This graph in receipts provided a field for fraudulent actions of housing and communal services, and the tenants could not check whether the values ​​are correct in their payments. In 2020, a number of reforms were conducted in this area.

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To calculate payment for heat, the total area of ​​the general property is determined. The value is multiplied by the tariff for thermal energy. Then the resulting value is distributed in apartments according to square meters.

Calculation of payment for ONS according to 354 government decree 2020-2020

For clarification, the Ovroup Omsk browser appealed to the head of the Department of Tariff Policy and the Economic Analysis of the Department of the City Economic Policy of the Omsk Administration Dmitry Vashchitina.

- Dmitry Stepanovich, from January 2020, the changes made by federal law into the Housing Code of the Russian Federation came into force, according to which the water consumed in the public houses consumed, we must pay the electricity to the managing companies together with the cost of housing content, and not a resource supply Organizations, as it was before.

For general-purpose needs, as individual, cases are provided when paying for utilities can be changed.

According to the general rules, recalculation is allowed in cases where the services provided do not comply with the requirements of technical or sanitary standards, for example, water is not cleared, the power of electricity is lower than the set minimum, there are interruptions with resources.

What do you understand under general need

There are a lot of work on the maintenance of a multi-storey building, which are performed using this resource, in particular wet cleaning on the staircase. If there is a garbage chute in the house, then it needs periodic cleaning using water.

At the end of the month, the management company tastes data from individual counters with numbers on a general-purpose accounting device. The difference is distributed proportional to all residents. At the same time, a certain amount of possible losses is determined.

How to pay for the general needs of clarification of the Ministry

It's not difficult to identify fraud. Residents are enough to familiarize themselves with information on tariffs and regulations placed in public internet access, and independently calculate the amount allowed.

The difference is considered the volume of utility resources that is necessary for the content of the general property of the MCD. Comparison of the results of all proven homes allows you to determine the average indicator and approve it as a single standard.

Residents should not pay for general needs in excess of the norm. In practice, it looks so that if part of the energy resources is lost in the process of delivery to the end consumer in the fault of the Criminal Code, then the cost pays the management organization.

Legal regulation of FZ No. 176 was adopted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation in the summer of 2015. The purpose of the law is positioned as creating conditions for more efficient work in the housing and utilities industry and the improvement of the payment discipline.

The investigation of the law was to be accrued for the use of communion used for the general property of the MCD, based on the real amount of consumption calculated on specially defined standards.

Currently, the following regulatory acts are applied to challenge the board: innovations led to the disappearance of a string of one from payment receipts.

This may be when the devices are not installed in several apartments of the apartment building and they pay according to the standard. In this case, the actual consumption is significantly less. The negative difference of one by a communal service, the supplier is obliged to recalculate, dividing it between residential apartments.

General needs in 2020: electricity consumption standards

After time or at the end of the service life, the instruments should be replaced. The replacement is required to produce a managing organization. The staff should consist of a specialist who has the right to install electrical equipment and its verification.

After calculating the share of electricity, consumed on the OND of each owner of the housing, the Criminal Code summarizes it with the testimony of the IPU (if available) or with the established standard. The resulting amount is indicated in receipts for services.

COMPANY ONN in 2020 in fact or by standard

How to pay one from January 1, 2020

Dear readers! The article tells about the typical ways to solve legal issues, but each case is individual. If you want to know how Solve your problem - Contact a consultant:

But the achievement of the government assigned to the government depends on each owner, since only the tenants themselves can sufficiently control the work of governing organizations and the correctness of the settlements.

One: pay in fact or according to the standard

First. At the General Meeting, owners can make a decision (at least two thirds) to pay based on the actual readings of the general-purpose metering device. If the readings are less than the standard, the owners will pay less, more than the standard - will pay more.

The topic of expenditures for general business needs (OND) got up to a particularly acute, when residents of the city began to receive receipts by rent, where additional lines appeared: for water, electricity on one. How to pay for them: in fact or regulatory?

Accrual ONN by standard

These tariffs were established for various types of ODN, including cold and hot water, as well as power supply and heating and were approved by local municipal bodies (with an example of high-voltage and DHW standards, you can read the sources attached to the article).

Operational needs for electricity are part of the resource, which goes to maintain and ensure the coverage of a high-rise building, outside the share of electricity that the owner uses within its residential property. That is, the amount of ONN in electricity includes such a list of costs:

One standards Pratus Izhevsk in 2020

For the Trans-Baikal Territory, this value is 65, in Krasnoyarsk 57, in Rostov 96 and in Orlovsk 19 kWh. If there is an excess of the established standard, the payment for the overrun comes with an increase in the coefficient by about 1.5 times, but this is only in the specified regions and only for the time of testing this approach.

Innovation that will allow you to overcome one - these are intelligent accounting systems when the device automatically transmits readings from all apartments. And such accounting systems will be raised by the managers themselves.

The procedure for charging one from January 2020-2020

Behind the vesizated legislative formulation is hidden, in fact, a fairly simple mechanism. Previously, the costs of public units (ODD) were charged in residents of apartment buildings based on the actual volume of water consumption or electrical energy according to the testimony of collective metering devices.

By virtue of this, the work of management companies has become a bureaucratic mechanism for drawing up responses to countless consumer complaints and providing decompositions of calculations. But, the deadline for the entry into force was postponed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation to 01.

Old new one

The reader called: "I watched on TV. Speech by the head of GGA Irina Gaydenko, she said that since July 1, there are changes in legislation, and.

This means that there can be no big amounts for one by one - only according to the standard? " The question is important, after all, any changes in the order of accrual of payments for the general needs of consumers are waiting with impatience - and with the hope that these changes in their favor.

Thirdly, from Resolution No. 306, which "Rules for establishing and defining regulations of utility consumption" are approved, a plate that distributes the accrual of the increasing coefficient to the cost of consumption of utilities in the absence of metering devices is excluded.

No, the coefficients themselves did not disappear anywhere, but now they are included in the formulas that are contained in applications to the "Rules for Communal Services" (Resolution No. 354), marked: "The raising coefficient whose value in 2016 is taken equal to 1.4, And from January 1, 2020 - 1.5 ".

Yes, the size of the coefficient has changed, and although now in Novokuznetsk, resource-supplying organizations are not charged, the "ceiling" of increasing the consumption standard is determined in 1.5, and not 1.6, as before.

One: according to the standard or in fact

Suppose if you take into account the information provided by the management organizations, the standard on one for houses with elevators will be 4.7 kW per hour per square meter of general-purpose property, which is above the current standard, which is 4.28 kW per hour.

In this regard, after consulting in the Working Group, it was decided to make calculations on the basis of the rules of the illumination of premises and regulatory documents of the work of elevator equipment reflected in the respective GOSTs and SNIPS. In this case, the numbers will be more close to reality.

For example, for houses without basements and attics equipped with elevators, heating pumps in the heating period, intercoms, collective antennas and fire alarms, the standard will be 3.105 kW / h per 1 kV. m per month. These calculations on all standards will be in full form presented at the meeting of the Working Group at the end of March.

Then it is planned to discuss the final options for calculations on the public council under REC and approve at a meeting of the Board. That is, REC will be ready to do it in April.

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For example, for five-storey houses having all the degrees of improvement, the current standard is 0.041 cubic meters per square meter of the total area of ​​premises, which is part of the general-known property, and the new standard is pre-calculated at the level of 0.040 cubic meters. As for the standards for electricity, preliminary calculations are still underway, and the difficulty lies in the fact that the data provided by the management organizations in terms of the work hours is not entirely correct, since they differ in different houses hundreds of times.

Fee for generalic needs is limited to standards since January 2020

- Details must be reflected in payment orders. This requires updated rules for the content of common property in an apartment building, and also recommends the Ministry of Construction and Civil Code of the Russian Federation to fully inform citizens about the cost of paying housing services.

The second important point. Canceled the previous scheme for accrualing payments for one. Recall that their size was determined on the basis of the difference between the testimony of general-purpose metering devices and the sum of the readings of individual counters.

And in most apartment buildings of Stavropol owners, it was decided to complete the distribution between them this difference for payment. From January 2020, the fee for OND received clear limits.

It may not be higher than the relevant regulations for the consumption of utilities for generalic needs. Thus, the costs of paying for the extensive volume of utility resource from now assigned to the management company and the HOA.

I also clarify that, with the initial inclusion in the fee for the content of the residential premises of expenses for the payment of resources consumed on the ODN, the decision of the General Assembly of Owners is not required.

How to charge one in 2020 in the HOA

  1. Appointment of weighty sums of fine.
  2. The need for payroll costs, in addition to the principal amount of debt and accumulated penalties.
  3. Arrest bank accounts to repay debt.
  4. Property arrest and its sale through auctions.
  5. In rare cases, the owner can attract to correctional work.

Legislation in the field of housing and communal services is developing very dynamically. As soon as everything is accustomed to the provisions of the Government Decree No. 307, Resolution No. 354 was published.

Then changes were made to this document, change was repeated.

Resolution on the cancellation of payment for one 2020g

FZ 258 from 29 07 2020 g about payment one

It does not belong to anyone separately, this is a general farm. Established the calculation of pay for general work after the adoption by the executive authority of the constituent entity of the Russian Federation in the manner prescribed by Resolution No. 1498, decisions on the establishment of regulations for the consumption of utility resources for the purpose of detention

The regulatory framework, on the basis of which the payment is currently accrued, the OND includes: the practice of separation of a separate line in receipts to pay for utility services ADN showed that such a form of information feeding causes a lot of complaints from the owners that: either do not know or do not understand The mechanism of calculation. If you speak short, then this is a fee for servicing the general farm house, that is, that property with which tenants, and owners, and employers, own together, enjoy them together.

ODN in 2020 Government Decree

  1. Electricity needed to maintain antennas, pumps, elevator works, etc.

    d;

  2. water consumption during seasonal checks of the heating system;
  3. lighting attic, basements, entrances, elevators, technical premises;
  4. heating of these zones;
  5. Costs of electricity and water for the maintenance of the local area: watering lawns, the lighting of the yard.

Managing companies did not want, and often could not, pay unaccounted in the counters of tenants or according to regulations. Thus, representatives of the Ministry of Commissions of the Stavropol Territory, the first of the first calculated and officially approved the standards for the consumption of one.

Decision of the Government of the Russian Federation at 2020 on the cancellation of payment for one by electrical energy

Communal services such as cold and hot water supply, water disposal, power supply submitted through centralized networks in residential, non-residential premises in an apartment building, as well as in the premises included in the general property, in an apartment building (paragraph 4 of the Regulation No. 354).

Before PP of the Russian Federation №1498 The amount of electricity fees on the ODN was limited by the standard (but overestimated standard). In the overwhelming number of the MKD, electricity fee for OND was charged on a general gauge accounting (OTPA) precisely because it was almost always less than a standard on one. Therefore, the "restriction" of the board by the standard on the ODN under PP of the Russian Federation No. 1498 turned into a decent increase in the fee.

Cancel of Mother Organization Resolution 2020

Payment of general goals for water or electricity is not the most beloved Russian expense, which is not surprising, because the stitching of the same is often hiding the ineffectiveness of the same power systems in the house, which leads to great energy loss. From the new year, moreover, the rules of charge charges have changed, and in January, many have received wards with sharply increased amounts for one.

Continuing the example of the Stavropol Territory, you can see how the costs of electrical consumption standards were calculated. Since 2020, the OND electricity fee in the Stavropol Territory will be from 2.84 to 11.17 kilowatt-hour per square meter per month.

Decree on the abolition of one on water disposal

With the city, it includes not only the discharge of water used by the tenants of the apartment, but a wide range of other water consumption services. Maximum standards for paying for general-purpose needs for all types of services are established by local self-government bodies.

Regulatory for water disposal for general business needs should be published on the UK Managing Company website. Newly accepted documents and amendments to the current rules are designed to streamline payment for one.

When establishing the amount of payment, such significant factors are taken into account as:.

The Criminal Code pay tax, and everything else is not interested. Perhaps you `re right.

But do nothing - this is a crime: it is with the silent consent of citizens in the country to reign absurd, arbitrariness and lawlessness! What, in your opinion, prevents the participation of residents in solving the issues of housing and communal services of the sphere? The disbelief of the inhabitants in real opportunities to do something. Insufficient awareness of the activities of the LCD organizations. Lack of material opportunities.

RESOLUTION of 2020 to limit the amount of payment of one

"On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation "

These costs are associated with the provision of common needs and therefore are included in the payment of services. Top energy is consumed not only for the heating of residential premises. It is used and for heating entrances and staircases.

Decree of the Government on the ODN from 2020

The decorated appeal must be transferred to the Contractor. This can be done in several ways. The most common and convenient option is a personal delivery. In this case, the initiator will be able to negotiate and resolve the dispute arising through negotiations.

If the Contractor refused to compromise, then it would be right to demand a receipt from it in obtaining a material or its registration number. Also, the appeal can be sent by mail. It is best to use special correspondence. In this case, the initiator will receive a notification about the delivery of the application to the addressee. It is also allowed to send over the Internet.

This option provides for the presence of email from the sender, as well as the translation of all documents to the electronic format.

Without payment of one, it is impossible to carry out a full cleaning of premises and technical floors, gardening the territory near the house and the creation of lighting the entrance. If the tenants stop paying for public needs, their house will not be landscaped and comfortable for living.

When canceled one

Payment of general goals for water or electricity is not the most beloved Russian expense, which is not surprising, because the stitching of the same is often hiding the ineffectiveness of the same power systems in the house, which leads to great energy loss.

It also became possible and assessing the volume of utility consumption directly in the apartment: Accounting devices give more accurate data that help to understand where consumption is excessive, or why the heating of one apartment costs more than the neighboring.

Normative consumption Government Decision on cancellation of benefits 2020

The state has a list of citizens who are obliged to provide discounts in any case.

These include: Heroes of the Soviet Union or Russia; Full Cavalers of the Order of Fame; blockades, members of the families of the dead participants / disabled goods; citizens noted by the title "Hero of Socialist Labor"; disabled, veterans of the Great Patriotic War; their close relatives who were dependent; disabled

Currently, the regulations for the consumption of utilities are as follows: Cold Water supply (HPW) - 6,935 m3 / pers., Hot water supply (DHW) - 4,745 m3 / pers., Water disposal (sewage) - 11.68 m3 / person., Electricity with electric stack - 70 kW / person.

FZ 258 from 29 07 2020 g about payment one

FZ 258 from 29 07 2020 g about payment one

But, the deadline for the entry into force was postponed by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation to 01. No video. (Click to play).

With the full text of the law you can read this link. You can leave comments on this material on our pages on social networks VKontakte, and.

Ask a question a lawyer Academy of the Housekeeper - 2020 Analytical Materials LCD Lessons What features does not differ in 2020? Starting from 2020, payments for general business needs is calculated under the new rules.

Such an innovation is due to the need for calculations with respect to real consumption.

Calculation of payment for ONS according to 354 government decree 2020-2020

The fee for general work (one) will enter the receipt of a separate line for each type of resources.

The law speaks simply and, at first glance, it is clear: the cost of servicing the property, which, as it were, belongs to those in a particular house.

- Dmitry Stepanovich, from January 2020, the changes made by federal law into the Housing Code of the Russian Federation came into force, according to which the water consumed in the public houses consumed, we must pay the electricity to the managing companies together with the cost of housing content, and not a resource supply Organizations, as it was before.

A federal law is adopted, returning payment for one by general aware meters

Called the procedure for approving the amount of fee for residential premises.

The size of the board, as before, is approved at the general meeting of the owners of the MKD or the meeting of members of the HOA / HCC, but with the exception of the amount of costs for the ODIN fee, which is calculated in the manner prescribed by law (Part 7 of Art. 156 LCD RF).

Accordingly, if the cost of expenses on the "fee for one" changes, then it is not required to reaffirm it at meetings (Ch.9 Article 12 of the Federal Law No. 176-FZ dated June 29, 2015).

According to the text of the bill, the OND fee is also charged according to standards, with the recalculation of its size on the basis of the testimony of the collective (general-style) metering device in the manner established by the Government of the Russian Federation (Ch. 9.2 Art. 156 LCD RF). If there is no account of the account, then recalculation is not performed.

Federal Law of July 29, 2017 No. 258-FZ "On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation "

The fee for the maintenance of the residential premises includes a fee for utility resources consumed when using and maintaining a common property in an apartment building, provided that the design features of an apartment building provide for the possibility of consumption of an appropriate type of utility resources when the general property is determined in the manner prescribed by the government Russian Federation."; c) Part 92 shall be amended as follows: "92.

The amount of costs of citizens and organizations in the board of fee for the maintenance of residential premises in an apartment building to pay utility resources consumed when using and maintaining common property in an apartment building is determined in the presence of a collective (generalical) metering device based on the cost of consumption of the relevant type of utility resources consumed When using and maintaining a common

Water disposal on one in 2020

For example, the general meeting did not make decisions (against) the transition to direct contracts with the RSO, therefore the former procedure should be operated by the previous procedure in which the WE should have an agreement with the RSO.

Rules for the provision of utility services to citizens of the Russian Federation suggest that the residents of the communal must be deducted in accordance with the established standards, since the rules of communal apartments are presented in the form of small houses.

If there are no accounting devices, then the standards will be used, and in another case, the calculations of payments on the LCA, as well as for apartment buildings.

Payment of general goals (ODN) is one of the most controversial when placing a receipt for utilities.

In the receipts to pay for housing and communal services from June, a line of general needs for water disposal appeared. Let me remind you from the beginning of 2020, all the public needs "moved" from utilities to housing services.

The main innovation of this law is the changed payment procedure for utility resources used for generalic needs.

156 LCD RF). The procedure for holding such a recalculation will be established by the relevant decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, which is expected in the near future. If you do not agree with such a payment procedure for one, then at the general meeting of the owners you can adopted

In order to see the actual consumption in the counters in the payments monthly, the owners will need to make a decision at the General Meeting.

It will be necessary to disregard and for ensuring that the management companies monthly produce accrual based on the monthly testimony, and at the end of the year they did recalculation.

Thus, with any diagram of monthly accruals, the final fee for the OND will be calculated, based on the testimony of general-purpose metering devices, and the owners again have incentives in order to engage in energy saving.

Additionally, Alexander Evseev said that the procedure for recalculations and the procedure for calculating the Board for the OND will be established in the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, perhaps in the coming months.

The future for automation in the law is mentioned another interesting way to calculate the board for the ODN - based on the testimony of an automated information and measurement system for accounting for utility resources.

Consulting housing and communal services / HOA / Residential Real Estate Management

It is established how such expenses are distributed between the owners of the premises. When changing the above regional standards and tariff for relevant utility resources, the change in the size of the board in such cases is carried out automatically (without approval by the meeting). Federal Law of July 29, 2017

N 258-FZ

"On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law"

Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation "adopted by the State Duma on July 19, 2017 approved by the Federation Council on July 25, 2017 Article 1 to contribute to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation (meeting of the legislation of the Russian Federation, 2005, N 1, Art. 14; 2008, N 30, Art. 3616; 2010, N 31, Art. 4206; 2011, N 50, Art. 7359; 2012, N 27, Art.

3587; N 53, Art. 7596; 2014, N 30, Art.

Decision on the abolition of one from 01/01/2019

With the need to create another order of calculating the volume of fees for the maintenance of the residential premises, approved by the order of Government No. 1498, which are foreseen of cases and time of inclusion in the amount of payments for the maintenance of utility costs for resources required for the service of a residential building. On January 1, some rules come into force Pension reform on retirement.

Act on the abolition of one by water supply 2020

FZ 258 from 29 07 2020 g about payment one

Taped clarifications and tenants of apartments that are not registered in residential premises.

In case the residential premises are not equipped with cooling and hot water accounting devices, electricity and gas, and the resource-channel organization has information about the consumers temporarily living in the residential premises, not registered in this room - it has the right to make an act of establishing the number of citizens temporarily living in a residential room. Then, this act is sent to the internal affairs bodies and (or) organs authorized to carry out the functions for oversight in the field of migration.

Also, from June 1 of this year, the procedure for establishing the fact of poor quality assurance of a communal service is simplified. In the case of such force majeure, the consumer has the right to make an act of checking the quality of the utilities provided by independently, in the absence of the Contractor.

All about one from July 2020

Electricity in the list of general business needs is one of the most scrupulous topics.

Not only did the amount changed monthly, then sharply rising, then declining sharply, and the management companies could not clearly explain whether the calculation occurs, not the amount of money in one city in the same type of houses, they differ significantly, so since January 1, 2020 The year, a separate graph on this calculation was removed, and the amount of payment increased at times. Not to mention the fact that the government eliminates the possibility of paying for general aware meters.

Today it is too early to talk about the full resolution of this issue. Many homes are not yet equipped with relevant accounting systems, although people have long understood their importance and necessity.

Counters make it possible to ensure the transparency of calculating the calculations of ODN, eliminate the possibility of unreasonable overpayments.

In addition, the practice has shown that payment on established standards is much higher than in terms of accounting systems.

How the standard of one-electricity is calculated and what its size in 2020 is calculated

If the high-rise building has no accounting device for consumed electricity, a standard set by the region administration is taken per unit. You can get acquainted with its size, going to the official website of the region.

The standard is a boundary value, but if the tenants do not fit into this value, they can make a decision at the meeting to pay even more, at their own request. As you understand, there have been no such cases in real life.

For the last month, there was a lot of calls from the outrageous tenants living in an apartment building for the last month, following the total electricity consumption in 4, and even 6 times. Differences in payment are essential, in one region more, in the other less, and this is understandable - the regulations establishes the regional administration of each individual subject of the Russian Federation.

In the Ivanovo region they canceled the OND to drainage in common areas

Following the logic of recommendations, resource-supplying organizations should not only recalculate fee for OND on water supply, but also to fully return (or relickest) a fee for the OND on drainage.

Recently, the strokes in the receipt for one on cold water supply and drainage was one.

Recall that in Ivanovo, the tariff for water supply for JSC Vodokanal is now 13.75 rubles per cubic meter, and 9.91 for water disposal.

The government of the Ivanovo region recommended resource-supplying organizations in the region not only to limit the board for the ODN, charged from the inhabitants, up to 10% of the testimony of a general-friendly meter, but also stop taking a fee for services not provided in public areas. This, first of all, is about gas supply and drainage services. More about this spoke at a press conference on March 19, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Ivanovo Region Alexander Fomin.

Calculation of one by electricity in an apartment building

Earlier, the communal organization, in the management of which there was a house, could put one on electricity by subtracting consumed energy for individual counters of apartments and general-purpose testimony.

To control how correctly each owner is an invoice for ON, has not been possible. And here it was permissible to some debris, and more simply, the scam, the managing organization.

In an apartment building, comfortable accommodation depends not only on how warmly and light in the apartment itself. Heating and power supply also require various technical premises, common sites and elevators. The costs of this are related to public needs and fall on the shoulders of the owners of apartments in a residential building.

Before the occurrence of 2020 in payment receipts, we have seen the amount of one, but the legislators proposed to translate these expenses into payments on the content of residential premises. We tried to find out how the calculation of one on electrical energy was changed with the onset of the new year and whether it was possible to save on them.

According to the adopted amendments, the OND will now be charged on the standards, but if there are general metering instruments in the house, then periodically (probably only once a year) will recalculate fees for the OND on the testimony of general-purpose accounting devices (Part 9.2 Art. 156 LCD RF).

The Federal Law of July 29, 2020 No. 258-FZ was adopted "On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation ".

Cancel - ONN

We were told in the HOA .. what Moscow is not a decree. And sent to ERC. It was six months ago. I wrote a statement to EPC, referring to this decree, I was removed from the bills monthly monthly, and today, as always, I arrived in ERC, asked the ONE removed, I was refused and said that the law is invalid and that now the HOA decides these questions. Funny, isn't it?

We recommend reading: Children's benefits at 2020 in Irkutsk for 4 bars

2020. All counters in our homes were replaced with new at the expense of tenants, acts and felombov are compiled, and if not all, this is a "headache" of the company, and not tenants), and we must pay for those who are not Separated and cover the difference between the Counters of the OND and its own meter (referring to the law. And he probably did not read the new law).

Then the question arises - "Why do you need counters for each apartment, if we pay more than we consume? ", And on the PSU in new homes, on the new system, the meter meters of consumption of energy consumption for electricity, hot and cold water and heating are installed on each apartment, regardless of the number of people and quadratures, as well as cubs.

Explaining the legislation

Another significant point - the procedure for calculating the settlement of consumption of ODN to cold and hot water supply is completely changed.

A clear list of public premises is defined, which will be accrued to the standard.

These are areas of inter-weltering staircases, stairs, corridors, tambourists, holls, lobby, wheelchairs, security premises (concierge). And the standards of consumption of one on drainage and heating are excluded at all.

Changes on one from July 1 2020

Electricity consumption for general business needs used to be described in the receipt by a separate line "ODN", but in connection with the introduction of changes to pay for utilities of January 1, 2020, this graph was removed from the payments.

However, the sums suddenly increased sharply, with which the Russians absolutely disagree.

If an electricity consumption consumption device is mounted in a high-rise building, generalic needs determine the employees of the Energy Reports together with the representative of the house chosen at the residential assembly.

It is very important to understand how it is formed,

Federal Law of July 29, 2017 N 258-FZ "On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation "

Russian FederationFederal Law Making Amend Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation Article 12 of the Federal Law "On Amendments Amend the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Individual Appodative Acts of the Russian Federation" ADPEMENT ACTORATE DUMU 19 JULY 2017 THROUGH PROVISIONS OF THE FEDERATION 25 JULY 2017 Article 1 Equal to the Housing of the Russian Federation (meeting of the legislation of the Russian Federation, 2005, N 1, Art. 14; 2008, N 30, Art. 3616; 2010, N 31, Art.

4200; 2017, N 1, Art. 10) The following changes: 1) in: a) shall be amended as follows: "2) fee for the maintenance of the residential premises, including a fee for services, work on the management of an apartment building, for the maintenance and maintenance of the general

Resolution on the cancellation of payment for one 2020g

FZ 258 from 29 07 2020 g about payment one

This new way seems to be more successful than using an overestimated standard in apartments without IPU. In other words, consumption in apartments without IPU will be equal to average consumption for all apartments with IPU in a given month (including apartments).

A common consumption is added to the calculated in this way (expert consumption for the house meter minus Individual consumption in rooms with IPU and without IPU), distributed in proportion to the facial accounts.

How to make the calculation of one by electricity on the established standard

Standards for electricity consumption for general work Installed by state bodies. Power of the region , for example, departments of the housing and communal complex and energy of the region, the region or republic.

  • from 0.59 to 2.12 kW / h depending on the flood for lighting;
  • 2.44 kW / h in 6-9 storey, 2.74 in the 10-storey and higher homes for the elevator;
  • From 0.97 to 2.41 kW / h for pumping equipment depending on the number of floors in the house.

Features of general work (one) in 2020

It's not difficult to identify fraud. Residents are enough to familiarize themselves with information on tariffs and regulations placed in public internet access, and independently calculate the amount allowed.

But the achievement of the government assigned to the government depends on each owner, since only the tenants themselves can sufficiently control the work of governing organizations and the correctness of the settlements.

The Federal Law of July 29, 2020 No. 258-FZ was adopted "On Amendments to Article 154 and 156 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and Article 12 of the Federal Law" On Amendments to the Housing Code of the Russian Federation and individual legislative acts of the Russian Federation ".

According to the adopted amendments, the OND will now be charged on the standards, but if there are general metering instruments in the house, then periodically (probably only once a year) will recalculate fees for the OND on the testimony of general-purpose accounting devices (Part 9.2 Art. 156 LCD RF).

Regulatory of consumption of utilities for general business needs

If services for generalic need do not meet the quality requirements, there are breaks that exceed the set maximum, as well as during the repair period, which caused suspension, the amount of payment is subject to recalculation, up to its complete cancellation.

Permissible retreats from the norm are indicated in the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 354. This rule applies to the cases of suspending the service, if a common account is not installed.

The calculation is made on the basis of the duration of the interruption and utility standards established for residential and technical premises.

To initiate the procedure for recalculating utility payments, a person should contact the management company. The basis in this case will be issued in writing a statement.

The law does not contain a sample that must be used in such cases without fail. The application is drawn up in arbitrary form.

However, the text of the document must contain the entire exhaustive list of information, which is related to the current situation.

Operational needs from January 1, 2020 are included in the contents of the law.

Also owners in apartment buildings get the opportunity to see how much the content of the houses and general front papers. Visual display of expenses will contribute to the solution of issues that swinging resource savings.

Or the mother-of-the manager of the management company lives in your home and does not pay for light. Her expenses include in the receipt of other tenants. No one will be able to check the accruals, so everyone pays for a neighbor under the guise of generalic needs. Look at? From January 1, general workmen were excluded from receipts from January 1. Caution Now the cost of maintaining common property is included in an individual account.

Physical needs in 2020: calculation and features

The difference is considered the volume of utility resources that is necessary for the content of the general property of the MCD. Comparison of the results of all proven homes allows you to determine the average indicator and approve it as a single standard.

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In a house, equipped with accounting devices, the actual resource consumption becomes important.

This affects the equipment of the premises by energy-saving light bulbs, motion sensors (such an innovation is used in new homes), replacing the electrical wiring in the entrance and timely repair of water and heating pipes - all these tasks must perform the Criminal Code.

Payment of general goals (ODN) from January 1, 2020: what is included in one

The costs of ODN are reflected in the receipt of the corresponding line. It represents the difference between the residents of the apartment used for the month and the total cost of home maintenance. Roughly speaking, one is a set of costs for the mainstream of the house.

Without payment of one, it is impossible to carry out a full cleaning of premises and technical floors, gardening the territory near the house and the creation of lighting the entrance.

If the tenants stop paying for public needs, their house will not be landscaped and comfortable for living. Paying for receipts, not many owners are interested in what is included in one.

The liver of services included in the tariff of generalic needs will be varied depending on the organization with which the residents of the house have concluded a contract.

New payment scheme of housing and communal services directly RSO

Communal resource providers and regional operators on TKO can directly enter into contracts with owners and housing employers in apartment buildings. The method of managing the house does not matter. In this case, paying for utilities consumers will be directly supplier or regional operator.

The adopted bill permits many difficult issues of accumulated housing and communal services. It protects the interests of ordinary citizens as well as resource-supplying organizations. Previously, there were cases of disconnection of entire apartment buildings - due to the delay of payments from the Criminal Code. At the same time, the tenants performed their debt obligations on time, without any delays.

In addition, tenants now themselves have the right to choose a service provider. For example, garbage collection can be carried out by different companies. Thanks to the adoption of a new law today, citizens themselves will have the right to choose a legal entity engaged in working with waste. In this segment of housing and utilities there are certain problems.

Due to the new draft law, healthy competition in the field of waste disposal will be created.

What is generalic needs and what applies to them

The amount of payment for utility resources, including for consumed electricity, was calculated in proportion to consumption not only on consumers - individuals with the lack of individual accounting devices, as well as non-residential premises, which are underway to the general mechanism of accounting.

According to changes in the new law, the fee for a certain type of communal service, which was provided for the estimated period for generalic needs, the tenants are not charged if, when calculating the communal service, it is established that the volume of the utility resource, determined on the basis of the meter reading for this estimated period, decreased in comparison with the sum of the corresponding type of communal service provided for this design period by residents in all residential and non-residential premises in this apartment building.

As in - 2020 - year, the system of calculation of fees for - heating - MKD

As Elena Shereshet noted, all the previously existing judicial practice no longer operates, since the COP of the Russian Federation, changing the provisions of the legislation, changed the rules of the game. Let's talk about two main postulates of Resolution No. 46-p.

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All other formulas - to calculate the board in the house with the ODEA or the payment of the board throughout the year equal shall be followed by the same logic. Consequently, the owner, even abandoning centralized heating inside its apartment, should pay for thermal energy set on the mainstream of the MKD.

The latest changes in the editorial office of Government Decree 354 in 2020

  • payment for generalic needs (cold, hot water, water disposal, electrical energy, heating) from 01/01/2020 years refer to the housing type of services and are an integral part of the costs of residential premises;
  • To determine the volumes of general costs, it is necessary to use the formula that determines the difference between the indicators of general-purpose metering devices and apartment meters. If there are no general counters, the size of these deductions will depend on the square of the apartments and the sum of the area of ​​the general property (proportional calculation);

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