Heartburn is unpleasant and, unfortunately, a very common problem. According to statistics, one of five people suffers from her constantly. And, probably, there is no such person who, at least once in his life, did not experience such unpleasant sensations.
What is the heartburn?
All wine hydrochloric acid, which gets out of the stomach in the esophagus. This process causes burning, pain behind the sternum, sour belch, bitterness in the throat and oral cavity.
The attack usually begins after eating. Symptoms can be so strong, annoying and exhausting that they significantly reduce the quality of human life.
What to help yourself?
If the heartburn appeared, and at hand there are no saving pills and pharmacy far, you should not panic. Each house has available tools that can be used to neutralize acid casting:
- Water. Drink is a simple and accessible way to remove acid from the esophagus. Water also favorably acts on the mucous membrane of the stomach. A glass of warm fluid needed to drink in small portions in the sitting position or standing.
- Soda. It actively neutralizes the acid. A little soda (about a teaspoon) must be dissolved in a glass of warm water and drink. The effect will be rapid but not long. Sodium bicarbonate negatively affects the stomach, provokes strengthening secretion, and heartburn occurs again.
- Apple vinegar. Helps with light shapes of heartburn, not caused by diseases of the digestive system. One teaspoon of vinegar must be dissolved in half a glass of water and have a drink before eating.
- Activated carbon also neutralizes acid. To do this, it is enough to take 3-4 tablets of the drug.
It is very important to carry out the prevention of heartburn and maintain the intestinal microflora. These tasks cope with the Elfifide complex - Essential Probiotics, which supports the balance of natural intestinal microflora, responsible for the quality of the immune response and harmonization of the digestive system.
It also covers your attention to bifidogenic balm - Siberian propolis Agaya, which also fruitfully affects the natural balance of intestinal microflora, stimulating her growth. The improved Balzam formula contains even more lactulose and Siberian healing herbs.
Attention! Excellent remedy for heartburn - alkaline mineral water. Before use, it must be heated and hold open to remove excess gas. Drink mineralo should be drunk in small sips, 50 grams, 4 times a day.
Eliminate heartburn and reduce the acidity of the medium in the stomach. The following products will help:
- Pumpkin and sunflower seeds;
Attention! Well proven to be fresh potato juice. He not only assists with heartbud, but also improves well-being in gastritis and ulcers.
Fitotherapy from heartburn
The use of herbs in the treatment of the digestive system has a long history and checked by many generations. Therapeutic herbs cope with heartburn no worse than pharmaceutical preparations. Effectively use:
- flax seeds;
- gold masculine;
Attention! Quickly will save from heartburn a popular homemade plant Aloe. 30 ml of juice must be diluted in a glass of water and drink in small sips. You can mix it with butter and dissolve to the disappearance of symptoms.
It is recommended to use not only one-component decoctions, but also herbal fees. Not all herbs act quickly. Some are shown for long-term use (about 3-4 weeks).
Herbal fees do not just remove the symptoms, but also eliminate the cause of heartburn. You can brew them like ordinary tea:
- Tablespoon of linden, flax seeds, fennel and licorice pour boiling water (250 ml). Cool within an hour. Take 150 ml in front of breakfast and dinner.
- St. John's wort, chamomile and plantain: 1 tablespoon of collection to pour hot water (300 ml). Intect, filter and drink during the day.
- A mixture of a dye (10 g), a beast (20 g) and plantain (1 tbsp. L.) It has an anti-inflammatory and soothing effect on the esophagus and the stomach. Herbs pour water (400 ml) and cook for 15 minutes. Take a quarter of a cup of beard 3 times a day.
Feel the comfort and lightness in the stomach Thanks to the unique composition of Siberian herbs, you will help you will help you films from wild herbs No. 5 (comfortable digestion) from the Baikal Tea Collection series. Chamomile, Kuril Tea, Plantain and Voloda Normalize the work of the digestive system and restore the intestinal microflora ..
Herbs are a natural medicinal product. With proper and reasonable use, they will only benefit.
Folk remedies that are used to suppress the symptoms of heartburn have a short effect. If discomfort and burning sensation are often bothering, it is worth visiting the doctor and undergo diagnosis. Perhaps it will not be superfluous to revise your diet and the power mode, get rid of bad habits and stress.
Heartburn is an unpleasant symptom, from which you want to get rid of faster. After all, eating and a feeling of satiety should bring pleasure and relaxation, not torment. We will find out which drugs can help from heartburn.
Heartburn occurs when the acidic content of the stomach in the esophagus is hit. The mucosa of the esophagus is not adapted to such a medium and an unpleasant feeling of burning. In the course of life, such a state can happen with each of the overeating, strong inclust after eating, in women during pregnancy. With long symptoms, the esophagus may suffer, develop erosion, ulcers, form a scar cloth, which will lead to a narrowing of the lumen. Cell rebirth may occur and the development of neoplasms.
Causes of heartburn
The most common cause of heartburn — Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It occurs in 83% of patients with this problem. In addition to heartburn, such symptoms can disturb such as:
- Jumping, esophageal vomiting, belching;
- pain when swallowing food;
- Difficult passage of food;
- voting weight;
- nasal congestion;
- Interruptions in the heart of the heart.
In addition to the gastroesophageal reflux disease, heartburn can be closely related to :
- Ulcery disease of the stomach and duodenum.
- Cancer stomach.
- Functional dyspepsia (a group of diseases that do not lead to changes in the structure, the structure of the digestive organs, but cause violations in their functions).
Many drugs have a property to reduce the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter, which can lead to casting content in the esophagus or the reason for inflammation themselves. Such side effects may have hormonal, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory funds. Therefore, you need to carefully read the instructions.
The cause of heartburn can be increased intra-abdominal pressure and states leading to this:
- hepato splenomegaly;
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, etc.
Without the treatment of the main disease, the reception of funds from heartburn will not only not help in the future, but also will mask the symptoms of the main problem.
It is possible to confuse pain with heartburn with coronary heart disease.
Preparations from heartburn
If the heartburn bothers not often, once a week and less, it is possible for self-medication to take Antacids and alginats .
This group of drugs neutralizes the hydrochloric acid produced by the cells of the stomach mucosa. Reducing acidity in the stomach helps to increase the tone of the lower esophageal sphincter.
To modern combined drugs that additionally have an enveloping, sometimes soothing effect refers:
The main thing is that these drugs do not have a ricochet syndrome as an ordinary soda. When it is used, the acidity decreases first, and after a few hours, repeated growth.
Preparations from a group of alginates form a gel film on the surface, which protects the mucous membrane from the action of acid and pepsin. Some preparations have a double action, as there are an antacid component in their composition.
H2-histamine receptor blockers
They reduce the production of hydrochloric acid with stomach parietal cells. The advantage of their action is that the secretion associated with the meal is suppressed to a lesser extent, which means the processes of digestion will be affected to a lesser extent. At the first symptoms of heartburns, the doses of H2-histamine receptor blockers reduced 2 times is possible. The effect can last up to 12 hours, while there is no need for additional reception of antacid drugs.
Proton Pump Inhibitors (IPP)
The proton pump inhibitors inhibit the final stage of the formation of hydrochloric acid in the stomach parietal cells. The maximum effect of the reception is developing on 5-7 days of reception. The secretion of hydrochloric acid is restored on day 2 after stopping the reception. With long-term reception of drugs during several years and a pronounced lack of hydrochloric acid in the stomach can develop pathogenic flora. Preparations of this group do not possess an instant effect and can be assigned only by a doctor after diagnosis.
If the symptoms of heartburn come together with a violation of the engine function of the stomach, the organ is sensitive to stretching, prokinetics help speed up the evacuation of food into the small intestine. Passenger stomach motility is enhanced.
Sometimes not only the contents of the stomach, but also the small intestine, for example, bile, are thrown into the esophagus. Such a situation may occur during liver diseases, when drugs that reduce acidity in the stomach are already used, there is no acid of acidic parts, and there is irritation and heartburn in the esophagus. In this case, ursodeoxychic acid preparations are recommended (UDHK). They help the liver to restore their work, normalize the formation and outflow of bile, can reduce the symptoms of heartburn. Course from 2 weeks to 6 months.
Prevention of re-heartburn
To prevent the emergence of heartburn, it is necessary to observe simple rules that will help reduce the load on the stomach and make less frequently unpleasant symptoms:
- Small portions of food 4-5 times a day.
- Reduce consumption of very sharp, salted, fatty dishes.
- Exclude carbonated drinks and products leading to gas formation (soda, beer, simple carbohydrates)
- Raise a pillow for 15-20 cm during sleep.
- Do not eat before bedtime and do not lie after meals.
- Refuse bad habits (alcohol, smoking).
- Reduce overweight.
- Do not bend strongly forward and not strain, eliminate weight lifting more than 8-10 kg (not strain the press muscle).
- Remove the corsets from the wardrobe, tight belts, wearing more loose clothes without squeezing belly.
Self-medication can be engaged in light rare symptoms. For this, drugs from the group of antacids and alginates are used, a single reception of Ranitidine 75 mg is also possible. If heartburn worries more often than once a week — need to consult a doctor . Reception of drugs should not be uncontrolled. An independent reception should not last longer than 7-10 days. Otherwise, you can not notice other serious illnesses in time, one of the symptoms of which may be hearthole.
- L.V. Tarasova, D.I. Troogan heartburn - current aspects of differential diagnosis and treatment // Medical almones 2013 №1
- Medicinal register (RLS)
Top 8 medicines from heartburn, prevention, useful tips
The feeling of burning, "heat" behind the sternum or in the area of the neck, which rises from the opposite region ... Almost every of us, at least once in life, experienced this unpleasant condition - heartburn. For many, it is only an episodic trouble, but from 30% to 60% of people of all ages in different countries of the world are experiencing heartburn regularly, and sometimes daily. Today we will tell, where does this attack come from and what ways to deal with heartburn.
The main cause of heartburn is cast (or, scientifically scientifically, reflux) of the contents of the stomach back to the esophagus. Sour gastric juice is irritating a gentle mucous membrane of the esophagus, which is not designed for such aggressive effects and responds to them the very heartburn. Sometimes the contents of not only the stomach, but also the duodenum, and the bile and enzymes of the pancreas - are no less aggressive stimuli in its composition, can take the esophagus.
Anyway, any reflux is the result of an incomplete closure of a special "damper" - the esophageal sphincter separating the stomach and the esophagus.
With a strong heartburn, "burning" behind the sternum and throat can be supplemented:
- bitter or acidic taste in the mouth and the same belching;
- the spread of "burning" to the shoulder area;
- feeling gravity in the stomach;
- excess salivation;
- cough and / or voiced voices.
"Starting mechanisms" heartburn
Conditionally, you can designate two types of heartburn:
- "Just heartburn", arising from healthy people after overeating, use of certain products and / or alcohol;
- Heartburn as one of the symptoms of a serious illness.
Practically healthy people provoke heartburn some alcoholic beverages, as well as Products : Sweet pastries, some varieties of black bread, sharp / fat / smoked foods, sour fruits, coffee, tomatoes, ketchup, citrus, vinegar, garlic, soda. And also - the reception of some Medications : Aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, etcher drugs, etc.
Very often heartburn poisoned life in the period Pregnancy . This is due to the fact that the increased uterus presses on the diaphragm and the stomach, as if moving it into a more vertical position. In the pregnant muscles of the lower part of the esophagus, including the circular sphincter "damper" are in a relaxed state. Therefore, even with shallow slopes, the gastric juice is "overflowing" in the esophagus.
But among Diseases One of the symptoms of which ishibited heartburn, not only gastritis with increased acidity and gastric ulcers or DPK can be noted. Some cardiovascular diseases, such as angina, can also be accompanied by frequent binding attacks - and they, in turn, also with an increase in blood pressure.
In general, if the heartburn bothers you really often (more often than 1-2 times a month) - it makes sense to turn to a specialist and undergo a comprehensive body examination with an emphasis on the tract and cardiovascular system.
In the meantime, consider the main groups of drugs to help fight heartburn.
Medicines from heartburn
As you know, many choose as a means from heartburns old good soda - Classical "kitchen alkali", sodium bicarbonate. It really quite quickly removes unpleasant symptoms. However, few know that abuse this method It is categorically not recommended .
The fact is that soda, which quickly acts against heartburn, also quickly corrosive the mucous membrane of the stomach. This may well lead to the development of gastritis, and also to the transition of heartburn from an episodic chronic form, since uncontrolled methods of soda are upset by the acid-alkaline balance of the body.
Therefore, it is better to abandon this dubious way of treating heartburn and contact modern achievements of pharmacology. Medicines for heartburn include several groups, each of which has certain mechanisms for the impact on the problem. Consider their details.
Antacids are a large class of drugs combined by one function: they neutralize gastric hydrochloric acid. Thanks to their exposure to acid ceases to destroy the mucous membrane, and the heartburn passes.
In turn, antacids are divided into suction in systemic bloodstream and Nepsasyavy which simply perform their work and completely leave the body through the intestines. The second differences are greater safety and are suitable for long-term use, while the first is better not too carried away.
- Renny - The composition of this drug contains two carbonates: calcium and magnesium. They react with gastric juice and neutralize hydrochloric acid, after which soluble calcium and magnesium salts are formed. These salts are derived from the body by the kidneys. IMPORTANT! Long-term reception of Renny people with kidney diseases can cause "renal" complications.
- Vikair - It is often prescribed with hyperacid gastritis and gastritis with increased acidity - it is these forms of gastritis most often accompanied by frequent heartburns. The drug includes sodium, magnesium, bismuth, as well as plant components - AIR and Crošin. In general, the Vicair not only helps from heartburn, but also has astringent, laxative and antispasmodic actions. True, it is not recommended to accept it - it is better to put the course (of course, to appoint a doctor).
By the way, baking soda In essence, this is also a suction antacid.
- Phosfalugel - Aluminum preparation (active component - aluminum phosphate). It is a sour creamy gel with enveloping properties, which neutralizes the acid and reduces the activity of pepsin, one of the gastric enzymes. At the same time, phosphhalugel does not make a gastric medium alkaline, while maintaining its physiological pH, but it builds a thin protective layer on the mucous membrane, neutralizes toxins and microbes, due to which it helps not only when heartburn, but also with gastritis, ulcerative disease, food poisoning, intoxications, etc. d.
- Gaviscon - It is produced in the form of tablets and suspension. The composition includes sodium bicarbonate, calcium carbonate and sodium alginate (seaweed derivative). Responding to gastric hydrochloric acid, Gaviscon turns into a gel with a practically neutral pH. The gel forms a protective film, enveloping the gastric mucosa. Heartburn passes after 3-5 minutes after taking the drug.
- Maaloks. - Very popular all over the world with heartburn caused by different factors, including with gastritis, ulcerative disease, gastroduodenitis. Maaloks also copes well with heartburn arising against the background of the reception of some drugs, especially hormonal products and NSAIDs. The preparation includes aluminum and magnesium. Maalox is produced in the form of suspension, chewing tablets, as well as tablets without sugar content - for people suffering from diabetes. Quickly neutralizes increased acidity, without leading to excessive production of hydrochloric acid.
- AlmaGel - according to the composition is almost similar to Maaloks, but it contains another additional component - Siemeticone. This is an aluminum salt that performs the functions of the "defoamer", due to which he successfully fights the abdomen. Almagel is an enveloping, adsorbing, local anesthetic. IMPORTANT! With prolonged reception, Almagel provokes a removal of phosphorus from the body, so the doctor must write phosphorus preparations for supporting therapy.
Antisecretory preparations help from heartburn not as fast as antacids, but they serve not as "emergency help" to relieve symptoms, but as Prevention of new attacks . Antisecretory agents - the so-called proton pump inhibitors - Suppress the synthesis of hydrochloric acid, due to which the stomach ceases to produce its excessive amount. Often gastroenterologists in the framework of the integrated treatment of different problems of digestion, which are accompanied by heartburn, and antacid and antisecretory drugs are prescribed.
- Omeprazole and other drugs with an existing substance omeprazole - Omeless , Ultop. , Gastozol et al. Widely used when heartburn, erosive-ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract, "stressful" ulcers, reflux-esophagitis and many other problems. It is especially important to take these means to patients who have a gastric ulcer or gastritis, but at the same time NSAIDs are assigned (for example, ibuprofen or nimesulide). Preparations of omeprazole in this case will work as protection against "gastric" SPIDs.
- Famotidin and other Famotidine preparations, for example Quamatel . They reduce the "fortress" of hydrochloric acid, reducing its concentration, due to which the symptoms of heartburn. In addition, these drugs suppress the secretion of gastric juice. It is possible to take them when heartburn caused by peptic ulcer, reflux-esophagitis, gastroduodenitis, peptic ulcers, etc. The reception of Famotidine preparations is allowed even with gastrointestinal bleeding.
How to avoid heartburn
For the prevention of "Fire in the chest", try to adhere to such advice:
- Do not overeat . The best food is fractional, little by little, but often. Do not eat before bedtime, after the last meal must pass at least three hours before you stay in bed.
- Swing a press without fanaticism . Of course, heartburn is not a reason to give up the sport in general, but the position of the body, affecting the muscles of the abdomen and increase the pressure on the abdominal cavity, pushes the contents of the stomach in the esophagus. The best way out - as before bedtime, withstand at least three hours from meals before performing exercises
- Do not get drunk aspirin and NSAID . These drugs irritate the esophagus, which also often leads to heartburn.
- Watch out weight . Overweight and obesity "play on the arm" heartburn: fat presses on the stomach, because of which its contents often seek to return to the esophagus.
- Avoid close clothes At the bottom of the body. Tight belts, tight trousers and underwear are also put on the stomach, increasing the risk of heartburn.
- Throw smoking . When smoking, the muscles of the esophagus relax that it could cause the participation of bizgl attacks.
And you can also enter into the diet Products help reduce heartburn . Such products include ginger, melon, bananas, green vegetables (including petrolery celery, broccoli, green beans), potatoes (boiled or baked, but not fried!), Oatmeal.
Healthy digestion is practically a guarantee that Mrs. heartburn will look at you much less often, and it is possible to completely stop visits. Watch your health and do not let go of a samotek!